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In this paper, the authors present an evaluation procedure of independent power producers' impact on reliability and associated costs of existing power systems under deregulation. Independent power producers (IPPs) with competitive electricity prices can contribute to the cost reduction of electricity supply under the open access power systems. However,(More)
Cyber-physical smart city integration of digitalcomponents into the real world will offer a variety of possibilitiesto enrich our daily life. A digital-physical hybrid world makes itpossible to optimize our energy use and to offer morecomfortable traffic management. However, we still need to investigate how to interact with a hybrid world. Augmentedreality(More)
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