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Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) is a leading cause of community acquired pneumonia. Knowledge regarding Mp pneumonia obtained from animal models or human subjects has been discussed in many different reports. Accumulated expertise concerning this critical issue has been hard to apply clinically, and potential problems may remain undiscovered. Therefore, our(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (I-PAP) is a rare disease of unknown etiology in which the alveoli fill with lipoproteinaceous material. We report here that I-PAP is an autoimmune disease with neutralizing antibody of immunoglobulin G isotype against granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The antibody was found to be present in(More)
We have previously observed that HIV-1 replication is suppressed in uninflamed lung and increased during tuberculosis. In vitro THP-1 cell–derived macrophages inhibited HIV-1 repli-cation after infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Suppression of HIV-1 replication was associated with inhibition of the HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) and induction of(More)
HIV-1 replication is markedly upregulated in alveolar macrophages (AM) during pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). This is associated with loss of an inhibitory CCAAT enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) transcription factor and activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. Since the cellular immune response in pulmonary TB requires lymphocyte--macrophage(More)
PURPOSE Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) possesses high tendency to disseminate. However, SCLC patients with paraneoplastic syndrome mediated by immunity against onconeural antigens remain in limited-stage disease (LD) without distant metastases. Cumulative evidence regulates that a balance between immune and regulatory T (Treg) cells determines the magnitude(More)
Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a chronic inflammatory airway disease predominantly affecting Asian populations. DPB is considered to be a complex genetic disease. Considering the mucous hypersecretion of the disease, we hypothesized that the transcriptional activity of mucin genes may be altered in DPB. We analyzed nucleotide sequences of regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) can present with polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-predominant alveolitis. TB accelerates acquired immunodeficiency syndrome by increasing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication and mutation in alveolar macrophages. A 16-kDa CCAAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBP beta ) isoform is a strong(More)
The Runx1 transcription factor is abundantly expressed in naive T cells but rapidly downregulated in activated T cells, suggesting that it plays an important role in a naive stage. In the current study, Runx1(-/-)Bcl2(tg) mice harboring Runx1-deleted CD4(+) T cells developed a fatal autoimmune lung disease. CD4(+) T cells from these mice were spontaneously(More)
BACKGROUND Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (sPAP) is a very rare lung disorder comprising approximately 10% of cases of acquired PAP. Hematological disorders are the most common underlying conditions of sPAP, of which 74% of cases demonstrate myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, the impact of sPAP on the prognosis of underlying MDS remains(More)