Koh Kawasaki

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Abstract Rationale. The prefrontal cortex is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, and hypoactivity of this brain area has been found in depressed patients. Reduced function of the serotonergic and noradrenergic systems is another feature of depression. Objectives. The present study was aimed at characterizing neurochemically and behaviorally the(More)
In this study the first PDE4B selective inhibitor is described. Optimization of lead 2-arylpyrimidine derivatives afforded a series of potent PDE4B inhibitors with >100-fold selectivity over the PDE4D isozyme. With a good pharmacokinetic profile, a selected compound exhibited potent anti-inflammatory effects in vivo and showed less emesis compared with(More)
To test the hypothesis that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3 kinase)/protein kinase Akt signaling pathway is involved in nitric oxide (NO)-induced endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis, we treated human and bovine endothelial cells with NO donors, S-nitroso-L-glutathione (GSNO) and S-nitroso-N-penicillamine (SNAP). Both GSNO and SNAP increased(More)
Evidence that Rho-kinase is involved in cerebral infarction has accumulated. However, it is uncertain whether Rho-kinase is activated in the brain parenchyma in cerebral infarction. To answer this question, we measured Rho-kinase activity in the brain in a rat cerebral infarction model. Sodium laurate was injected into the left internal carotid artery,(More)
Rho kinase (ROCK), one of the serine/threonine kinases, is involved in pathologic conditions, and its activation causes neuronal cell death. Fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, has been reported to cause increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the ischemic brain and protect against neuronal cell death by inhibiting ROCK. Ozagrel, a thromboxane A(2) synthase(More)
BACKGROUND Rho-kinase (ROCK) is a downstream effector of Rho GTPase that is known to regulate various pathological processes important to the development of ischemic stroke, such as thrombus formation, inflammation, and vasospasm. Inhibition of ROCK leads to decreased infarct size in animal models of ischemic stroke. This study tests the hypothesis that(More)
We investigated the anti-vasospastic potential of fasudil's active metabolite, hydroxyfasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and also its effect on hemorheological abnormalities following cerebral ischemia. Chronic cerebral vasospasm was produced using a two-hemorrhage canine model. On day 7, angiographic vasospasm was observed(More)
The effects of the repeated administration of milnacipran, a serotonin (5-HT)-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), on the functional status of somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors, and postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors were explored using electrophysiological approaches in rats. In-vitro electrophysiological recordings in the dorsal raphe nucleus showed that(More)
Whether Rho-kinase activity is really associated with the pathogenesis of cerebral infarction remains unclear. To consider this question, we investigated correspondences between severity of neurological deficit, infarct size, amount of various marker proteins, and Rho-kinase activity in a rat cerebral infarction model. Sodium laurate was injected into the(More)
We investigated the neuroprotective effects of fasudil's active metabolite, hydroxyfasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, in a rat stroke model in which endothelial damage and subsequent thrombotic occlusion were selectively induced in perforating arteries. By examining the effects on the endothelial damage/dysfunction, we thought to explore the mechanism of(More)