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We have shown that a Mr 37,000 protein whose expression is strongly enhanced in human lung cancer tissues is the subunit of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAPDH, EC 1.2.1.12). We have isolated a GAPDH complementary DNA from human lung cancer cells and deduced the complete amino acid sequence of the encoded protein. The structure of the lung cancer GAPDH is(More)
Although peptide transport across the plasma membrane has been characterized well in the kidney and the intestine, the functional relevance of this transport in other organs has not been addressed. Here we report the cloning of a cDNA for a novel peptide/histidine transporter found in the rat (rPHT2), whose mRNA is expressed mainly in the lymphatic system.(More)
Because rice is the major source of food for half of the world population, a comprehensive understanding of its genome will have a tremendous impact on the status of agriculture in the Twenty-first Century. The Rice Genome Research Program (RGP) has undertaken an extensive rice genome analysis since its initial launching in 1991 that has resulted in the(More)
The toxicity of extracellular spermine, determined in the presence of fetal calf serum, was studied using three cell lines: FM3A, L1210, and NIH3T3 cells. Amine oxidase in fetal calf serum produces aminodialdehyde generating acrolein spontaneously, H(2)O(2), and ammonia from spermine. Spermine toxicity was prevented by aldehyde dehydrogenase, but not by(More)
Two patients with ectopic liver are described. In one patient, a small ectopic liver attached to the gastric serosa developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The preoperative diagnosis was an alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing carcinoma and a malignant ulcer of the stomach. Total gastrectomy and esophago-jejunostomy were performed. The tumor that measured 4(More)
To test whether the analysis of lung uptake is worth adding to the interpretation of exercise thallium-201 (201TI) emission computed tomography (ECT), a lung/heart ratio of 201TI uptake was measured from an anterior image during ECT in 25 clinically normal (Group 1), 91 angiographically normal (Group 2), and 265 subjects with coronary artery disease (Group(More)
A survey was made of 112 cases of gallstone ileus reported in the Japanese literature, including 3 of our cases. The ratio of males to females was 1 to 1.1, the age range was 13 to 87 years, and biliary-enteric fistulas were demonstrated in 81 percent of the patients. Although cholecystoduodenal fistula was most common, eight cases of choledochoduodenal(More)
The molecular mechanism of gastric tumourigenesis has not yet been clarified, although investigators have postulated that differentiated adenocarcinoma may arise from pre-existing adenoma, similarly to the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. An allelotype analysis has been performed to identify chromosomal regions which are frequently deleted in gastric(More)
We investigated the E (epithelial)-cadherin gene for mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 24 primary gastric carcinomas (12 differentiated and 12 undifferentiated types, including 3 signet-ring cell carcinomas), as well as 4 gastric carcinoma cell lines of the undifferentiated type (MKN-45, GCIY, HGC-27 and GT3TKB). We utilized PCR-SSCP and RT-PCR(More)
As depressed fibrinolysis is implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease, we have studied the activation of fibrinolysis during maximal, symptom-limited exercise in a group of 68 men. After exercise they were divided, according to their coronary angiography and exercise 201Tl emission computed tomography results, into three groups. Group 1:(More)