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The principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system, L-glutamate, acts on three classes of ionotripic glutamate receptors, named after the agonists AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxalole-4-propionic acid), NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) and kainate. The development of selective pharmacological agents has led to a(More)
In order to study the roles of the AMPA and kainate subtypes of non-NMDA glutamate receptors in the processing of persistent nociceptive information, compounds with varying activities at these receptors were examined for effects on the formalin-induced paw-licking behavior in rats. The selective AMPA antagonist, LY300164 and the mixed AMPA/kainate(More)
In the present studies, we have evaluated the activity of a series of glutamate receptor antagonists from the decahydroisoquinoline group of compounds both in vitro and in vivo. Compound activity at alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) and kainate receptors was assessed using ligand binding to cloned iGluR2 and iGluR5 receptors(More)
We have examined the pharmacology of kainate receptors in cultured hippocampal neurons (6-8 days in vitro (DIV)) from embryonic rats (E17). Cultured neurons were pre-treated with concanavalin A to remove kainate receptor desensitization and whole-cell voltage clamp electrophysiology employed to record inward currents in response to glutamatergic agonists(More)
We have isolated a new member of the human glutamate receptor family from a fetal brain cDNA library. This cDNA clone, designated EAA3a, shares a 90% nucleotide identity with the previously reported rat GluR5-2b cDNA splice variant and differed from human GluR5-1d in the amino and carboxy terminal regions. Cell lines stably expressing EAA3a protein formed(More)
Several cDNA clones encoding EAA5 receptor polypeptides were isolated from a human fetal brain library. The EAA5 cDNAs demonstrated an 88.7-90.1% nucleotide identity with rat GluR7 cDNAs. The nucleotide sequence of EAA5 would encode a 919-amino acid protein, that has a 97.7-98.9% identity with the rat GluR7 receptor. Two variation of the EAA5 cDNA were(More)
Enantiomerically pure (2S,4R)-4-substituted glutamic acids were prepared and tested for homomeric GluR5 and GluR6 kainate subtype receptor affinity. Some of the 4-cinnamyl analogues showed high selectivity and potency (K(i) < 25 nM) for the GluR5 receptors. The greatest selectivity and potency were achieved with the 3-(2-naphthyl)prop-2-enyl compound. This(More)
A cDNA encoding an ionotropic glutamate receptor subunit protein humEAA4 (GluR6), has been cloned from a human fetal brain library. This cDNA when expressed in COS or HEK-293 cells is associated with high-affinity kainate receptor binding and ion channel formation. We have successfully established cell lines stably expressing humEAA4 in HEK-293 cells This(More)
The activity of a gamma-substituted glutamate analogue, (2S, 4R, 6E)-2-amino-4-carboxy-7-(2-naphthyl)hept-6-enoic acid (LY339434) and (2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid at ionotropic glutamate receptors has been examined. Ligand binding studies were performed using [3H] AMPA binding to membranes expressing either homomeric recombinant GluR1, GluR2, GluR4(More)
Studies of binding interactions and contractile responses of vascular muscles at alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors revealed the following. (1) Agonists at alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors may achieve selectivity by virtue of different efficacies despite similar affinities at the two receptors as well as by differing affinities. This implies that their(More)