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Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is a new class of anti-diabetic drug which exerts its glucose-lowering action by suppressing the degradation of a gut incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). To elucidate whether treatment with stronger DPP-4 inhibitor on top of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) provides greater renal protective(More)
The major heat shock protein, HSP70, is known to be involved in cytoprotection against environmental stresses mediated by their function as a "molecular chaperone". Monochloramine (NH(2)Cl) is a potent cytotoxic oxidant generated by neutrophil-derived hypochlorous acid and Helicobacter pylori urease-induced ammonia. In this study, to evaluate the(More)
Renal superoxide excess, which is induced by an imbalance of the superoxide-producing enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase and the superoxide-scavenging enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) under hyperglycemia, increases oxidative stress and contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we treated non-obese and hypoinsulinemic C57BL/6-Ins2(Akita)(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The real mechanism of adaptive cytoprotection in the gastric mucosa is not well established. In the present study, we investigated the effect of acid suppressing agents on a 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP72) expression, which is known as endogenous cytoprotective factor, in the gastric mucosa. Also, the association of gastric mucosal(More)
Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is one of the distinct features of cancer cells. We evaluate the role of activated MEK-ERK signaling in Camptotecin/irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced cell death using constitutively activated MEK1-transfected normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-caMEK cells). A CPT-11-induced inhibitory concentration of 50% was(More)
Follicular lymphoma of the small intestine remains relatively rare, especially in its early stage. Recently, double-balloon endoscopy has enabled observation of the entire small intestine. We describe a case of follicular lymphoma with multiple lesions in the small intestine detected by double-balloon endoscopy. The patient showed multiple whitish granules(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Leptin, the product of the obese (ob) gene, is a circulating peptide mainly synthesized by adipocytes. Leptin inhibits food intake and decreases body weight. A recent report has suggested that the gastric mucosa is also the source of leptin, and that the stomach leptin also contributes to the regulation of the serum leptin level. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase (MEK) pathway plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. Constitutively active components of the MEK signaling cascade can induce oncogenic transformation in many cell systems. Downstream MEK signaling also plays an(More)
BACKGROUND D-Galactosamine (GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury is an experimental model of fulminant hepatic failure in which tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plays a pivotal role. We examined the effects of a highly selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist (ATL-146e) on GalN/LPS-induced fulminant hepatic failure. METHODS Mice were(More)
BACKGROUND Cilostazol, a specific type-III phosphodiesterase inhibitor, is widely used for the treatment of ischemic symptoms of peripheral vascular disease. Recent studies have reported that the mechanism of cilostazol is related to the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokine production and improvement of local microcirculation disturbances. The(More)