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Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor is a new class of anti-diabetic drug which exerts its glucose-lowering action by suppressing the degradation of a gut incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). To elucidate whether treatment with stronger DPP-4 inhibitor on top of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) provides greater renal protective(More)
The major heat shock protein, HSP70, is known to be involved in cytoprotection against environmental stresses mediated by their function as a "molecular chaperone". Monochloramine (NH(2)Cl) is a potent cytotoxic oxidant generated by neutrophil-derived hypochlorous acid and Helicobacter pylori urease-induced ammonia. In this study, to evaluate the(More)
Growing evidence indicates that oxidative stress induced by excessive superoxide has a central role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Telmisartan, one of the currently available angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs), has been shown to exert a more powerful proteinuria (albuminuria) reduction in patients with DN, but whether the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The real mechanism of adaptive cytoprotection in the gastric mucosa is not well established. In the present study, we investigated the effect of acid suppressing agents on a 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP72) expression, which is known as endogenous cytoprotective factor, in the gastric mucosa. Also, the association of gastric mucosal(More)
Renal superoxide excess, which is induced by an imbalance of the superoxide-producing enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase and the superoxide-scavenging enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) under hyperglycemia, increases oxidative stress and contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we treated non-obese and hypoinsulinemic C57BL/6-Ins2(Akita)(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Leptin, the product of the obese (ob) gene, is a circulating peptide mainly synthesized by adipocytes. Leptin inhibits food intake and decreases body weight. A recent report has suggested that the gastric mucosa is also the source of leptin, and that the stomach leptin also contributes to the regulation of the serum leptin level. The aim(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective action of rice extract on ethanol-induced mucosal damage in vivo and wound healing of epithelial cells in vitro. Also, the effect of rice extract on gastric mucosal prostaglandin E(2) level, HSP72 expression, gastric acid secretion, and contribution of vanilloid receptor-mediated action was studied. In(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase (MEK) pathway plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. Constitutively active components of the MEK signaling cascade can induce oncogenic transformation in many cell systems. Downstream MEK signaling also plays an(More)
Follicular lymphoma of the small intestine remains relatively rare, especially in its early stage. Recently, double-balloon endoscopy has enabled observation of the entire small intestine. We describe a case of follicular lymphoma with multiple lesions in the small intestine detected by double-balloon endoscopy. The patient showed multiple whitish granules(More)
Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is one of the distinct features of cancer cells. We evaluate the role of activated MEK-ERK signaling in Camptotecin/irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced cell death using constitutively activated MEK1-transfected normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-caMEK cells). A CPT-11-induced inhibitory concentration of 50% was(More)