Learn More
OBJECTIVES This study measured the prevalence of self-reported infertility, as well as the level of knowledge of causes of infertility. Infertility was defined as failure to achieve conception after a minimum of 12 months of exposure. METHODS Prevalence and knowledge of infertility were assessed in a representative community-based survey using a(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia in pregnancy contributes to poor outcome for mother and child in low-income countries. This study analyzes adverse maternal and fetal outcome after severe anemia in pregnancy in rural Ghana. METHODS A cohort study in two (sub)district hospitals, including 157 pregnant women exposed to severe anemia (Hb < 8.0 g/dl) and 152 nonexposed(More)
INTRODUCTION Local health departments (LHDs) vary in their capacity to perform public health services by the size of population they serve. Little is known about the extent of emerging primary prevention activities at small LHDs. The objectives of this study were to describe various diabetes-related patient care and primary prevention services offered by(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the impact of the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) on hospital-based maternal mortality since its start in 1987. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of all 229 maternal deaths in a district hospital in rural Ghana, between 1 January 1987 and 1 January 2000. Main outcome measures were maternal mortality ratio and relative contribution(More)
This article describes the results of a community-based survey on birth control in a rural district in western Ghana. Structured interviews with 2179 women and men aged 15-49 years were used to study the prevalence of contraceptive methods and induced abortion. In addition, the influence of induced abortion on reported fertility in relation to residence and(More)
This study investigates attitudes concerning unwanted pregnancies in a rural district of western Ghana. Structured questionnaires were used to interview men and women between 15 and 49 years of age (n = 2179) to measure the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy, how often it led to induced abortion and to establish the reasons why a pregnancy was considered(More)
BACKGROUND Various factors contribute to severe anemia in pregnancy in low-income countries. This study assesses which of these are of importance in rural Ghana, and evaluates management. METHODS Prospective case-control study in two (sub)district hospitals in rural Ghana among 175 severely anemic pregnant women (Hb < 8.0 g/dl), receiving a comprehensive(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of introducing chloroquine prophylaxis during pregnancy on prevalence of anemia (<10.9 g/dl) at childbirth and perinatal outcome. METHODS Observational study in a rural district hospital in Ghana, which compared 2803 women who received chloroquine prophylaxis during pregnancy with 3084 historical controls, who had not(More)
  • 1