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The present study examined the suitability of matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for the rapid grouping of bacterial isolates, i.e. dereplication. Dereplication is important in large-scale isolation campaigns and screening programs since it can significantly reduce labor intensity, time and costs in(More)
The biological and technological characteristics of kefiran as well as its importance in grain integrity led us to analyze the microbial kefir grain consortium with focus on Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens. The presence of L. kefiranofaciens in the nine kefir grains studied was demonstrated by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. By culture dependent(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility of a taxonomically diverse set of Bifidobacterium strains to different classes of antimicrobial agents using a recently described medium. METHODS The susceptibility of 100 strains encompassing 11 bifidobacterial species originating from humans, animals and probiotic products(More)
AIMS To evaluate the potential use of MALDI-TOF MS for fast and reliable classification and identification of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from traditional fermented foods. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 119 strains of LAB from fermented meat (nem chua) were analysed with both (GTG)(5)-PCR fingerprinting and MALDI-TOF MS. Cluster analysis of the profiles(More)
The refrigerated storage of raw milk throughout the dairy chain prior to heat treatment creates selective conditions for growth of psychrotolerant bacteria. These bacteria, mainly belonging to the genus Pseudomonas, are capable of producing thermoresistant extracellular proteases and lipases, which can cause spoilage and structural defects in pasteurized(More)
To monitor the effect of the indigenous milk microbiota and of technological and environmental parameters on the microbiota established in ripened cheese, the diversity and dynamics of the predominant microbial communities in artisan Gouda-type cheeses produced under different conditions was studied. A total of 22 cheese types differing in milk source, milk(More)
Next to health promoting effects, the functional aspect of probiotic strains also involves their capacity to reach the colon as viable metabolically active cells. The present study aimed to assess the potential of 24 probiotic product isolates and 42 human reference strains of Bifidobacterium to survive gastrointestinal transit under in vitro conditions.(More)
PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was used to study the diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in two Flemish artisan raw milk Gouda-type cheeses. In parallel, conventional culturing was performed. Isolates were identified using (GTG)(5)-PCR and sequence analysis of 16S rRNA and pheS genes. Discriminant analysis revealed some(More)
STUDY QUESTION Can we accurately define a group of pregnancies of unknown location (PULs) as low risk in order to safely reduce follow-up for these pregnancies and allocate resources to pregnancies at an increased risk of being ectopic? SUMMARY ANSWER Prediction model M4 classified around 70% of PULs as low risk, of which around 97% were later(More)
The bacterial genus Clavibacter has only one species, Clavibacter michiganensis, containing five subspecies. All five are plant pathogens, among which three are recognized as quarantine pests (mentioned on the EPPO A2 list). Prevention of their introduction and epidemic outbreaks requires a reliable and accurate identification. Currently, identification of(More)