Koenraad Philippaert

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Strategies aimed at mimicking or enhancing the action of the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) therapeutically improve glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS); however, it is not clear whether GLP-1 directly drives insulin secretion in pancreatic islets. Here, we examined the mechanisms by which GLP-1 stimulates insulin secretion in mouse(More)
We recently proposed that the transient receptor potential melastatin 5 (TRPM5) cation channel contributes to glucose-induced electrical activity of the β cell and positively influences glucose-induced insulin release and glucose homeostasis. In this study, we investigated Trpm5 expression and function in pancreatic islets from mouse models of type II(More)
TRPM4 is a calcium-activated but calcium-impermeable non-selective cation (CAN) channel. Previous studies have shown that TRPM4 is an important regulator of Ca2+-dependent changes in membrane potential in excitable and non-excitable cell types. However, its physiological significance in neurons of the central nervous system remained unclear. Here, we report(More)
Steviol glycosides (SGs), such as stevioside and rebaudioside A, are natural, non-caloric sweet-tasting organic molecules, present in extracts of the scrub plant Stevia rebaudiana, which are widely used as sweeteners in consumer foods and beverages. TRPM5 is a Ca2+-activated cation channel expressed in type II taste receptor cells and pancreatic β-cells.(More)
TRPM4 is a Ca(2+)-activated nonselective cation channel. The channel is activated by an increase of intracellular Ca(2+) and is regulated by several factors including temperature and Pi(4,5)P2. TRPM4 allows Na(+) entry into the cell upon activation, but is completely impermeable to Ca(2+). Unlike TRPM5, its closest relative in the transient receptor(More)
TRPM5 is a non-selective monovalent cation channel activated by increases in intracellular Ca2+ . It has a distinct expression pattern: expression is detected in chemosensitive tissues from solitary chemosensory cells to the taste receptor cells and in pancreatic β-cells. The role of TRPM5 has been investigated with the use of knockout mouse models.(More)
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