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OBJECTIVE The most widely studied positron emission tomography ligand for in vivo beta-amyloid imaging is (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B ((11)C-PIB). Its availability, however, is limited by the need for an on-site cyclotron. Validation of the (18)F-labeled PIB derivative (18)F-flutemetamol could significantly enhance access to this novel technology. METHODS(More)
[(18)F]MK-9470 is a selective, high-affinity, inverse agonist (human IC(50), 0.7 nM) for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1R) that has been developed for use in human brain imaging. Autoradiographic studies in rhesus monkey brain showed that [(18)F]MK-9470 binding is aligned with the reported distribution of CB1 receptors with high specific binding in the(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to observe changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in 10 right-handed healthy volunteers performing two paradigms of mental rotation. In one paradigm, subjects mentally rotated a single alphanumeric stimulus to determine whether it was shown in a normal or mirror-image position. In a second paradigm,(More)
UNLABELLED High-frequency anterior capsular stimulation is a new, promising, and reversible neuromodulatory treatment in the research stage for patients with refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The mechanism of action is unknown but hypothesized to be secondary to interruption of the corticothalamostriatocortical circuit. METHODS (18)F-FDG PET(More)
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia (PED) can occur in isolation or in association with epilepsy, but the genetic causes and pathophysiological mechanisms are still poorly understood. We performed a clinical evaluation and genetic analysis in a five-generation family with co-occurrence of PED and epilepsy (n = 39), suggesting that this combination(More)
Pilocarpine administration to rats results in status epilepticus (SE) and after a latency period to the occurrence of spontaneous seizures. The model is commonly used to investigate mechanisms of epileptogenesis as well as the antiepileptic effects of novel compounds. Surprisingly, there have been no video-EEG studies determining the duration of latency(More)
UNLABELLED FDG-PET contributes to the diagnosis and management of neurological diseases. In some of these diseases, pathological gray matter (GM) areas may have a reduced FDG uptake. Detection of these regions can be difficult and some remain undiscovered using visual assessment. The main reason for this detection problem is the relatively small thickness(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate and reproducible behavioral tests in animal models are of major importance in the development and evaluation of new therapies for central nervous system disease. In this study we investigated for the first time gait parameters of rat models for Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD) and stroke using the Catwalk method, a(More)
Performance on the Verbal Fluency Test, as a measure of the ability of initiating processes, is reduced in depressed suicidal patients. The hampered results in this prefrontal executive task parallel the reduction in prefrontal blood perfusion and metabolism in depressed subjects. A neuropsychological activation study with the verbal fluency paradigm could(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) marks Abeta amyloidosis, a key pathogenetic process in Alzheimer disease (AD). The use of (11)C-PiB is limited to centers with a cyclotron. Development of the (18)F-labeled thioflavin derivative of PiB, (18)F-flutemetamol, could hugely increase the availability of this new technology. The aims of this phase 1(More)