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Nitric oxide (NO) has been associated with a spectrum of harmful to protective roles in inflammatory bowel disease. The involvement of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)--the downstream effector of NO--in the negative effect of NO in inflammatory models has been proposed but this has not been evaluated in inflammatory bowel diseases. The present study(More)
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases of the nasal and paranasal cavities either accompanied by polyp formation (CRSwNP) or without polyps (CRSsNP). CRSsNP and CRSwNP are prevalent medical conditions associated with substantial impaired quality of life, reduced workplace productivity, and serious medical treatment(More)
BACKGROUND A distinct set of inflammatory and remodelling factors have been found elevated in chronic rhinosinusitis. OBJECTIVE The investigation of their expression in early stage disease may reveal early events in this common disease. METHODS Sinonasal mucosal samples from nine patients with early stage CRSsNP were taken from the inferior and middle(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that exists as a membrane-bound (mRAGE) form and a soluble (sRAGE) form. RAGE is reported to play a role in diverse pathologies including lower airway conditions, but the exact mechanism of action remains poorly understood. In the upper airways, the involvement of(More)
UNLABELLED In chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) different phenotypes have been reported based on cytokine profile and inflammatory cell patterns. The aim of this study was to characterize the intracytoplasmatic cytokines of T cells infiltrating the inflamed sinonasal mucosa. METHODS Infiltrated T cells and tissue homogenates from sinonasal mucosal samples of 7(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is characterized as a Th2-driven disease. Activated dendritic cells (DCs) are the main T-cell activators; their role in the chronic inflammatory process of nasal polyposis is still unclear. METHODS The regulation of DC subsets was analyzed in nasal polyp tissue from CRSwNP patients and compared(More)
The aim of this study was to characterise the P2 receptors involved in purinergic relaxant responses in rat distal colon circular muscle. Concentration-response curves for purinergic agonists were constructed on methacholine-precontracted circular muscle strips of rat distal colon in the absence and presence of the nerve blocker TTX and the(More)
Responses of rat distal colon circular muscle strips to exogenous nitric oxide (NO) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and to electrical field stimulation (EFS) were assessed in the absence/presence of various agents that interfere with nitrergic-purinergic pathways. Exogenous NO (10-6 to 10-4 mol L-1) elicited concentration-dependent, tetrodotoxin(More)
BACKGROUND Local IgE production may play a role in asthma pathogenesis. The aim of the study was to assess sputum total IgE and cytokines in asthmatics according to sputum cellular phenotype. METHODS We studied 122 subjects including 22 non atopic healthy subjects, 41 eosinophilic (sputum eosinophils ≥3%), 16 neutrophilic (sputum neutrophils >76%) and 43(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases of the nasal and paranasal cavities, either accompanied by polyp formation (CRSwNP) or without polyps (CRSsNP). The etiology and pathophysiology is unknown; some specialists define rhinitis and sinusitis as one clinical entity, whereas others regard both as separate(More)