Koen Schouteden

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If graphene is ever going to live up to the promises of future nanoelectronic devices, an easy and cheap route for mass production is an essential requirement. A way to extend the capabilities of plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition to the synthesis of freestanding few-layer graphene is presented. Micrometre-wide flakes consisting of four to six(More)
Enhancing the transport contribution of surface states in topological insulators is vital if they are to be incorporated into practical devices. Such efforts have been limited by the defect behaviour of Bi2Te3 (Se3) topological materials, where the subtle bulk carrier from intrinsic defects is dominant over the surface electrons. Compensating such defect(More)
We show that quantization of image-potential state (IS) electrons above the surface of nanostructures can be experimentally achieved by Ag nanocrystals that appear as stacking-fault tetrahedrons (SFTs) at Ag(111) surfaces. By means of cryogenic scanning tunneling spectroscopy, the n=1 IS of the Ag(111) surface is revealed to split up in discrete energy(More)
Atomic-level substitutional doping can significantly tune the electronic properties of graphene. Using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy, the atomic-scale crystalline structure of graphene grown on polycrystalline Cu, the distribution of nitrogen dopants and their effect on the electronic properties of graphene were(More)
Discrete image-potential states (ISs) are revealed at double-walled carbon nanotubes by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) in the distance-voltage z(V) spectroscopy mode. The nanotubes are supported by flat Au(111) substrates. Due to the high sensitivity of the hot IS electrons to local variations of the(More)
Nanometer sized ZnO clusters are produced in the gas phase and subsequently deposited on clean Au(111) surfaces under ultra-high vacuum conditions. The zinc blende atomic structure of the approximately spherical ZnO clusters is resolved by high resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. The large band gap and weak n-type conductivity of(More)
Single magnetic Co atoms are deposited on atomically thin NaCl films on Au(111). Two different adsorption sites are revealed by high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), i.e., at Na and at Cl locations. Using density functional based simulations of the STM images, we show that the Co atoms substitute with either a Na or Cl atom of the NaCl(More)
We investigated the growth and the electronic properties of crystalline NaCl layers on Au(111) surfaces by means of cryogenic scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy under ultra-high vacuum conditions. Deposition of NaCl on Au(111) at room temperature yields bilayer NaCl islands, which can be transformed into trilayer NaCl islands by post-annealing.(More)
Membranes and their size-selective filtering properties are universal in nature and their behavior is exploited to design artificial membranes suited for, e.g., molecule or nanoparticle filtering and separation. Exploring and understanding penetration and transmission mechanisms of nanoparticles in thin-film systems may provide new opportunities for size(More)
Discrete image-potential state (IS) resonances at Co nanoislands on Au(111) are probed using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. We observe particle-in-box-type standing wave patterns, which is surprising in view of the high energy of the IS electrons when compared to the confining potential imposed by the island edges. The weak confining(More)