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Mixtures of hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS)-A and CS-C oligosaccharides were generated through the enzymatic digestion of the polysaccharides with either mammalian hyaluronidase or bacterial HA lyase or chondroitinase. Compared to mammalian enzymes, bacterial enzymes hydrolyze the polysaccharides through a different mechanism yielding chemically… (More)
This paper reports the draft genome sequence of new Bacillus cereus strain tsu1, isolated on an agar-cellulose plate. The draft genome sequence is 5.81 Mb, revealing 5,673 coding sequences. It contains genes for cellulose-degradation and biosynthesis pathways of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and 8 rRNA genes (5S, 16S, and 23S).
Microbial secondary metabolites have emerged as alternative novel drugs for the treatment of human cancers. Violacein, a purple pigment produced by Chromobacterium violaceum, was investigated in the present study for its anti-tumor properties in tumor cell lines. Clinically applicable concentrations of violacein were demonstrated to inhibit the… (More)
We have evaluated the inhibition of testicular hyaluronidase and hyaluronan lyase by L-ascorbic acid and chemical analogs. We observed that L-ascorbic acid, D-isoascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid inhibited both types of enzymes, but showed stronger effects towards hyaluronan lyase. But these compounds were observed to degrade the substrate, hyaluronan,… (More)
Alkaptonuria is an iconic disease used by Archibald Garrod to demonstrate the theory of "inborn errors of metabolism". AKU knowledge has advanced in recent years: development of an in vitro model, discovery of murine models and advances in understanding bone and cartilage phenotypes and arthropathy in AKU. These discoveries have aided in a new clinical… (More)