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The objective was to perform a dioxin body burden estimate based on a probabilistic intake assessment of PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs because of the so-called 1999 'Belgian dioxin incident'. Monte Carlo simulation techniques were used to combine detailed 7-day food intake data on the individual level from a sample of 14-18-year-old adolescents with(More)
Dairy phospho- and sphingolipids are gaining interest due to their nutritional and technological properties. A new HPLC method, using an evaporative laser light-scattering detector, was developed, which enabled excellent separation of glucosylceramide, lactosylceramide, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine,(More)
Pseudomonas fragi, Pseudomonas lundensis and members of the Pseudomonas fluorescens group may spoil Ultra High Temperature (UHT) treated milk and dairy products, due to the production of heat-stable proteases in the cold chain of raw milk. Since the aprX gene codes for a heat-resistant protease in P. fluorescens, the presence of this gene has also been(More)
Psychrotolerant bacteria and their heat-resistant proteases play a major role in the spoilage of UHT-processed dairy products. Summer and winter raw milk samples were screened for the presence of such bacteria. One hundred and three proteolytic psychrotolerant bacteria were isolated, characterized by API tests, rep-PCR fingerprint analysis and evaluated for(More)
The degradation of alpha-tocopherol and the formation of alpha-tocopherol and triacylglycerol oxidation products at high temperatures (150-250 degrees C) over a heating period (0-4 h) for a model system ranging between triolein and tripalmitin were modeled by use of an experimental design. The oxidation products of alpha-tocopherol formed under these(More)
The effect of high-temperature treatment on the stability of alpha-tocopherol (1) in triolein was assessed under a reduced-pressure atmosphere (4-40 mbar) simulating the deodorization step of the refining of vegetable oils. A marked degradation of 1 was observed, which increased with increasing temperature (180-260 degrees C) and heating time (20-80 min).(More)
Transient temperature and albumen velocity profiles during thermal pasteurization of intact eggs were studied using a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) package. Simulated temperature profiles were in close agreement with experimental data for eggs of different sizes. Convective heat transfer only occurred in the egg white fraction, and(More)
This paper presents a review of the industrially most relevant exudate gums: gum arabic, gum karya, and gum tragacanth. Exudate gums are obtained as the natural exudates of different tree species and exhibit unique properties in a wide variety of applications. This review covers the chemical structure, occurrence and production of the different gums. It(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate downsizing approaches and their employment implications across several industries in Belgium. Therefore, a categorization scheme of different downsizing approaches was theoretically developed and validated with a sample of 19 downsizing cases in Belgium-based organizations across different industries. The(More)