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Fetuin-A is an important inhibitor of extraosseous calcification, but some of the studies that used ELISAs did not identify a significant relationship between serum fetuin-A levels and vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here, we used centrifugation to separate a fetuin-mineral complex (FMC) composed of fetuin-A,(More)
Although diabetes mellitus (DM) disturbs bone metabolism, little is known concerning its effects on laboratory abnormalities in chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD). We extracted data for 602 patients from the Osaka Vitamin D Study in patients with CKD (OVIDS-CKD), an observational study enrolling predialysis outpatients. No enrolled(More)
PURPOSE Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D), increased levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were reported to be risk factors for mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the independent associations of these factors with cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death among(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Nocturnal hypoxemia is highly prevalent among patients with CKD. Nocturnal hypoxemia contributes to systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial cell dysfunction, and activation of the renin-angiotensin system, which are common pathologic mechanisms of CKD progression. This study investigated whether nocturnal hypoxemia is(More)
Posttransplant malignancy (PTM) is a limiting factor both for patient and allograft survival in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). We hypothesized that active vitamin D compounds (AVD) could reduce PTM development in KTRs. Ambulatory KTRs in a Japanese prospective cohort were followed from August 2007 to November 2010. The outcome of interest was newly(More)
AIMS We studied whether adding the spherical adsorptive carbon AST-120 to conventional treatments is effective in inhibiting progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) at the stage of moderate decrease in renal function. METHODS 43 CKD patients with moderately impaired renal function indicated by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 20-70 ml/min as(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that podocyte injury, which results in proteinuria, leads to tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Although some studies have revealed that vitamin D administration protects renal structure and function in mesangial cell proliferative and/or excessive matrix productive models, the effects of vitamin D on podocyte injury(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D deficiency, hyperparathyroidism, and high serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels, when studied separately, were found to predict the progression of CKD. However, studies with simultaneous measurement of mineral bone disorder (MBD)-related factors were scarce. This study aimed to identify(More)
It is known that magnesium antagonizes phosphate-induced apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells and prevents vascular calcification. Here we tested whether magnesium can also counteract other pathological conditions where phosphate toxicity is involved, such as progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We explored how the link between the risk of CKD(More)
PURPOSE Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), rather than parathyroid hormone (PTH), has been shown to be the major factor behind hypophosphatemia in the early period after renal transplantation. However, it is not clear whether phosphate wasting persists in the chronic phase. Purpose of our study is to elucidate whether FGF23 can also explain phosphate(More)