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High frequency of erythrocyte (red blood cell [RBC]) genetic disorders such as sickle cell trait, thalassemia trait, homozygous hemoglobin C (Hb-C), and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in regions with high incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and case-control studies support the protective role of those conditions. Protection has(More)
The antiviral drug ribavirin (RBV) is widely used in combination with interferon (IFN) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A major side effect of RBV is a reversible hemolytic anemia. We have evaluated the in vitro effects of RBV on erythrocyte adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and on hexosemonophosphate shunt (HMS). The ATP(More)
Acute haemolysis associated with clinical episodes of high-level Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia was studied in 20 children from an holoendemic area (coastal Tanzania). The change in blood haemoglobin (Hb) concentration ranged from -46 to g/L during the 72-h observation period and was linearly related to maximum parasitaemia. Balance studies between loss(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA-sulfate (DHEA-S), which are the most abundant hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex and are present in plasma at approximately 6 micro M, as well as their analogue, 16alpha-bromoepiandrosterone (EPI), exerted antimalarial activities against two chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum strains (Palo Alto, 50%(More)
Plasmodium falciparum parasites grew normally in glutathione (GSH)-depleted normal and G6PD-deficient (Mediterranean variant) erythrocytes (RBC). Growth inhibition was observed only at less than approximately 6-12% residual GSH. Parasites studied separately with the Sendai virus technique synthesized GSH de novo and regenerated reduced GSH 10-20 times(More)
Heterozygous thalassemia and sickle cell disease produce mild hematological symptoms but provide protection against malaria mortality and severe malaria symptoms. Two explanations for resistance are considered in the literature - impaired growth of the parasite or enhanced removal by the host immune cells. A critical overview of studies that connect malaria(More)
High frequency of erythrocyte (red blood cell [RBC]) genetic disorders such as sickle cell trait, thalassemia trait, homozygous hemoglobin C (Hb-C), and glucose6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in regions with high incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and casecontrol studies support the protective role of those conditions. Protection has(More)
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