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BACKGROUND Although emergency resuscitative thoracotomy is performed as a salvage maneuver for critical blunt trauma patients, evidence supporting superior effectiveness of emergency resuscitative thoracotomy compared to conventional closed-chest compressions remains insufficient. The objective of this study was to investigate whether emergency(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is known as a complex immunological response with hyperinflammation in the acute phase followed by immunosuppression. Although aging is crucial in sepsis, the impact of aging on inflammation and immunosuppression is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between inflammation and immunosuppression in(More)
Lymphocyte exhaustion was recently recognized as a mechanism of immunosuppression in sepsis. While B cells are known to play pivotal roles in bacterial infection and sepsis, changes in B-cell-mediated humoral immunity have not been evaluated in critically ill septic patients. We aimed to investigate changes in humoral immunity caused by defective B-cell(More)
Flail chest is a rare complication in pediatric patients with blunt chest trauma. There is no general consensus on which treatment is most appropriate for flail chest in pediatric patients, although it has been reported that surgical fixation is associated with beneficial outcomes for flail chest in adults. The present report described two pediatric cases(More)
Patients with simple pneumopericardium due to blunt thoracic trauma occasionally progressed to tension pneumopericardium, although pneumopericardium is believed to be benign in general. A 65-year-old man had both arms caught in a grinding machine and his face struck hard at work. He was diagnosed with bilateral degloving injuries of both arms and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac trauma is associated with a much higher mortality rate than injuries to other organ systems, even though cardiac trauma is identified in less than 10% of all trauma admissions. Here we report blunt trauma of the left atrium due to snowboarding trauma. CASE PRESENTATION A 45-year-old Asian man collided with a tree while he was(More)
BACKGROUND Thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis are rare, life-threatening, emergency endocrine diseases with various clinical manifestations. Here we report a case of a patient who simultaneously developed thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis and required intensive cardiovascular management. CASE PRESENTATION A(More)
Organophosphate poisoning (OP) results in various poisoning symptoms due to its strong inhibitory effect on cholinesterase. One of the occasional complications of OP is pancreatitis. A 62-year-old woman drank alcohol and went home at midnight. After she quarreled with her husband and drank 100 ml of malathion, a parasympathomimetic organophosphate that(More)