Kochupurackal P. Mohanakumar

Learn More
Mice were treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP; 30 mg/kg i.p. twice, 16 h apart). This resulted in changes in motor performance and toxic insult of nigral neurons as evidenced by dopamine depletion in nucleus caudatus putamen. In vitro and in vivo treatment of MPTP caused the generation of hydroxyl radicals (.OH) as measured by a(More)
We evaluated the hydroxyl radical (*OH) scavenging action of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), sodium salicylate (SA), diclofenac and celecoxib in Fenton's reaction and their neuroprotective effects in 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+))-induced striatal dopamine (DA) depletion in rats. Salicylate hydroxylation procedure employing(More)
The potent dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is known to produce hydroxyl radicals (OH) in vitro and in vivo. Salicylate (SA) can hydroxylate itself to form 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) by utilizing OH. In the present study we investigated the OH scavenging action and neuroprotective effects, if any,(More)
We tested quercetin, a dietary bioflavonoid with potent free radical scavenging action and antioxidant activity, for its neuroprotective effects in rotenone-induced hemi-parkinsonian rats. Rats were infused unilaterally with rotenone into the substantia nigra, and quercetin (25-75mg/kg, i.p.) was administered at 12-h intervals for 4days, and analyzed on the(More)
We assessed the antioxidant activity of non-narcotic analgesics, acetaminophen and aspirin in rat brain homogenates and neuroprotective effects in vivo in rats intranigrally treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP+). Both drugs inhibited cyanide-induced superoxide anion generation, as well as lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenates, the(More)
Sodium nitroprusside (disodium nitroferricyanide) has been suggested to cause cytotoxicity through either the release of cyanide and/or nitric oxide. The present study investigated a possible mechanism that after a brief release of nitric oxide, iron moiety of breakdown products of sodium nitroprusside could cause a long lasting oxidative stress, such as(More)
We tested the hypothesis that melatonin regulates formation of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in the brain and thereby protects animals from dopaminergic neurotoxicity and the development of parkinsonism in animals. Employing a ferrous-ascorbate-dopamine (FAD) hydroxyl radical ((*)OH) generating system, in the present study we demonstrate a dose-dependent(More)
Rotenone and 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP+) are two mitochondrial neurotoxins known to produce Parkinson's disease (PD) in experimental animals. In the present study, we compared drug-induced rotational asymmetry in rats lesioned using these neurotoxins at three distinct basal ganglia sites, the striatum, substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and(More)
We examined in Sprague-Dawley rats whether intranigral administration of complex-I inhibitor, rotenone, produces biochemical lesions in the striatum similar to those observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). Unilateral stereotaxic infusion of rotenone (2-12 mug in 1 mul) into substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta caused significant inhibition of complex-I(More)
Homocysteine has been considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and patients with hyperhomocystinemia exhibit neurological and psychological abnormalities. Elevated level of this molecule in the blood of Parkinson's disease patients receiving long-term l-DOPA therapy prompted us to investigate whether homocysteine is neurotoxic to the(More)