Kobra Vakili

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We report direct measurements of the valley susceptibility, the change of valley population in response to an applied symmetry-breaking strain, in an AlAs two-dimensional electron system. As the two-dimensional density is reduced, the valley susceptibility dramatically increases relative to its band value, reflecting the system's strong electron-electron(More)
We report magnetotransport measurements of fractional quantum Hall states in an AlAs quantum well around a Landau level filling factor nu=3/2, demonstrating that the quasiparticles are composite fermions (CFs) with a valley degree of freedom. By monitoring the valley level crossings for these states as a function of applied symmetry-breaking strain, we(More)
We report measurements of the spin susceptibility, chi proportional, variant g(v)g*m*, in an AlAs two-dimensional electron system where, via the application of in-plane stress, we transfer electrons from one ellipsoidal conduction-band valley to another (g(v) is the valley degeneracy, and m* and g* are the electron effective mass and g factor). At a given(More)
We report measurements of the spin susceptibility in dilute two-dimensional electrons confined to a 45 A wide AlAs quantum well. The electrons in this well occupy an out-of-plane conduction-band valley, rendering a system similar to two-dimensional electrons in Si-MOSFETs but with only one valley occupied. We observe an enhancement of the spin(More)
The longitudinal resistivity at transitions between integer quantum Hall states in two-dimensional electrons confined to AlAs quantum wells is found to depend on the spin orientation of the partially filled Landau level in which the Fermi energy resides. The resistivity can be enhanced by an order of magnitude as the spin orientation of this energy level is(More)
We report measurements of the quantum Hall state energy gap at avoided crossings between Landau levels originating from different conduction band valleys in AlAs quantum wells. These gaps exhibit an approximately linear dependence on the magnetic field over a wide range of fields and filling factors. More remarkably, we observe an unexpected dependence of(More)
By using different widths for two AlAs quantum wells comprising a bilayer system, we force the X-point conduction-band electrons in the two layers to occupy valleys with different Fermi contours, electron effective masses, and g factors. Since the occupied valleys are at different X points of the Brillouin zone, the interlayer tunneling is negligibly small(More)
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