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Molecular and biochemical studies investigating the biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a nutritionally important polyunsaturated fatty acid, were implemented in Mucor rouxii by supplementation with exogenous fatty acids. Compared to the fatty acid-free cultures, addition of C18:2Delta(9,12) to the cultures showed up to threefold decrease in the GLA(More)
Malonyl-CoA is an essential precursor for fatty acid biosynthesis that is generated from the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA. In this work, a gene coding for acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) was isolated from an oleaginous fungus, Mucor rouxii. According to the amino acid sequence homology and the conserved structural organization of the biotin carboxylase, biotin(More)
For a bio-based economy, microbial lipids offer a potential solution as alternative feedstocks in the oleochemical industry. The existing genome data for the promising strains, oleaginous yeasts and fungi, allowed us to investigate candidate orthologous sequences that participate in their oleaginicity. Comparative genome analysis of the non-oleaginous(More)
BACKGROUND Up to now, there have been three published versions of a yeast genome-scale metabolic model: iFF708, iND750 and iLL672. All three models, however, lack a detailed description of lipid metabolism and thus are unable to be used as integrated scaffolds for gaining insights into lipid metabolism from multilevel omic measurement technologies (e.g.(More)
Due to their health benefits there is much interest in developing microbial processes for efficient production of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In this study we co-expressed Mucor rouxii Δ(12) - and Δ(6) -desaturase genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which resulted in a yeast strain that accumulated linoleic acid and γ-linolenic acid in the different(More)
Transcriptional response of desaturase genes to low temperature was investigated in the dimorphic fungus Mucor rouxii. The two morphological forms of M. rouxii, yeast-like and mycelial cells containing different fatty acid profiles were shifted from 30 to 10°C. Both cultures exhibited significantly altered fatty acid composition, whose content in(More)
Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, gamma-C18:3) is an essential fatty acid that plays a vital role in biological structures and cellular functions. Based on available sequence information and using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, we cloned from the fungus Mucor rouxii the entire coding sequence of a delta(6)-desaturase enzyme, which is responsible for(More)
Within a metabolic network, the elementary flux modes enables a unique description of different operations of the network. Thus, the metabolic fluxes can be specified as convex combinations of the elementary flux modes. Here, we describe an approach to identify the set of elementary flux modes that operates in a given metabolic network through the use of(More)
The amino acid residues serine at position 213 (S213) and lysine at position 218 (K218), which are present in close proximity to the histidine-rich motif II of Mucor rouxii fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturase isoform II, were targeted for studying structure-function relationships using site-directed mutagenesis. The mutants were functionally characterized in a(More)
Microbial lipids are becoming an attractive option for the industrial production of foods and oleochemicals. To investigate the lipid physiology of the oleaginous microorganisms, at the system level, genome-scale metabolic networks of Mortierella alpina and Mucor circinelloides were constructed using bioinformatics and systems biology. As scaffolds for(More)