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Unsaturated fatty acids are essential lipid components of Mucor rouxii. Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is synthesized via the desaturase enzymes: delta9-desaturase catalyzes mono-unsaturated fatty acids that are utilized as substrate for GLA biosynthesis. We cloned and characterized a M. rouxii gene highly homologous to delta9-desaturase genes. This sequence(More)
Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, gamma-C18:3) is an essential fatty acid that plays a vital role in biological structures and cellular functions. Based on available sequence information and using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, we cloned from the fungus Mucor rouxii the entire coding sequence of a delta(6)-desaturase enzyme, which is responsible for(More)
In this study we present the cloning and functional characterization of a gene whose product is responsible for Delta(12)-desaturase activity and is involved in the metabolic pathway of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) synthesis of Mucor rouxii. A cDNA encoding for Delta(12)-desaturase of M. rouxii was obtained using the combination of reverse(More)
Molecular and biochemical studies investigating the biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a nutritionally important polyunsaturated fatty acid, were implemented in Mucor rouxii by supplementation with exogenous fatty acids. Compared to the fatty acid-free cultures, addition of C18:2Δ9,12 to the cultures showed up to threefold decrease in the GLA(More)
Malonyl-CoA is an essential precursor for fatty acid biosynthesis that is generated from the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA. In this work, a gene coding for acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) was isolated from an oleaginous fungus, Mucor rouxii. According to the amino acid sequence homology and the conserved structural organization of the biotin carboxylase, biotin(More)
For a bio-based economy, microbial lipids offer a potential solution as alternative feedstocks in the oleochemical industry. The existing genome data for the promising strains, oleaginous yeasts and fungi, allowed us to investigate candidate orthologous sequences that participate in their oleaginicity. Comparative genome analysis of the non-oleaginous(More)
Due to their health benefits there is much interest in developing microbial processes for efficient production of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In this study we co-expressed Mucor rouxii Δ(12) - and Δ(6) -desaturase genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which resulted in a yeast strain that accumulated linoleic acid and γ-linolenic acid in the different(More)
We investigated the response of Mucor rouxii to ethanolic stress conditions. A differential response was found that was dependent on growth phase and ethanol concentration. 5% (v/v) ethanol showed an inhibitory effect on the mycelial growth of all stages. However, the ethanol sensitivity was specifically observed in active growing phases (12 and 21 h-grown(More)
Transcriptional response of desaturase genes to low temperature was investigated in the dimorphic fungus Mucor rouxii. The two morphological forms of M. rouxii, yeast-like and mycelial cells containing different fatty acid profiles were shifted from 30 to 10°C. Both cultures exhibited significantly altered fatty acid composition, whose content in(More)
The amino acid residues serine at position 213 (S213) and lysine at position 218 (K218), which are present in close proximity to the histidine-rich motif II of Mucor rouxii fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturase isoform II, were targeted for studying structure-function relationships using site-directed mutagenesis. The mutants were functionally characterized in a(More)