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Mutations in a Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause motor neuron death in human familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) and its mouse model, suggesting that mutant SOD1 has a toxic effect on motor neurons. However, the question of how the toxic function is gained has not been answered. Here, we report that the mutant SOD1s linked to FALS, but not(More)
There exists phosphoinositide (PI) cycle in the nucleus, which is operated differentially from the classical PI cycle at the plasma membrane. Evidence has been accumulated that nuclear PIs and the related enzymes are closely involved in a variety of nuclear processes, although the details remain to be elucidated. In this mini review, some components of PI(More)
There have been some animal and human data suggesting that excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT)-2, the major subtype of EAAT, is involved in human mental function and behavior. Recently, it has been shown that the -181 A/C polymorphism in the EAAT2 gene promoter affects plasma glutamate concentrations in humans. In the present study, the association of(More)
Sporadic Parkinson's disease (sPD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Although the pathogenesis of the disease remains undetermined, phosphorylation of alpha-synuclein and its oligomer formation seem to play a key role. However, the protein kinase(s) involved in(More)
Like neurons and astrocytes, oligodendrocytes have a variety of neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels. However, except for facilitating the rapid conduction of action potentials by forming myelin and buffering extracellular K(+), little is known about the direct involvement of oligodendrocytes in neuronal activities. To investigate their physiological(More)
BACKGROUND In the adult mammalian brain, it is considered that neurogenesis persists in limited regions such as the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle. On the other hand, neurogenesis in the cortex after cerebral ischemia and its role in post-stroke recovery have not been clarified yet. In this study,(More)
Enteric viruses are an important cause of viral food-borne disease. Shellfish, especially oysters, are well recognized as a source of food-borne diseases, and oyster-associated gastroenteritis outbreaks have on occasion become international occurrences. In this study, 286 fecal specimens from 88 oyster-associated gastroenteritis outbreaks were examined for(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) plays an important role in phosphoinositide signaling cascade by regulating the intracellular level of diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid. The DGK family is involved in various pathophysiological responses that are mediated through unique binding partners in different tissues and cells. In this study, we identified a small(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) is involved in intracellular signal transduction as a regulator of levels of diacylglycerol which leads to protein kinase C activation. Previous studies have revealed that DGK consists of a family of isozymes in mammalian species and that most if not all of them show abundant expression in the central nervous system, suggesting(More)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations, which are early and frequent genetic alterations in gliomas, are specific to a single codon in the conserved and functionally important Arginine 132 (R132) in IDH1. We earlier established a monoclonal antibody (mAb), IMab-1, which is specific for R132H-containing IDH1 (IDH1-R132H), the most frequent IDH1 mutation(More)