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Bacteria, including cyanobacteria, as well as some fungi, are known to deposit calcium carbonate (CaCO3) extracellularly in calcium-containing artificial medium. Despite extensive investigation, the mechanisms involved in extracellular formation of CaCO3 by bacteria have remained unclear. The ability of synthetic amines to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from(More)
Little is known about the correlation between genotype and drug susceptibility in Mycobacterium avium (Mav) strains isolated from patients with Mav infections. To examine whether drug susceptibility profile of Mav is associated with genotype, we carried out variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) typing and drug susceptibility testing for Mav isolates from(More)
Most reef-building corals in tropical and subtropical areas symbiose with microalgae from the genus Symbiodinium (dinoflagellate) and depend on the photosynthate produced by the microalgae. The majority of corals acquire Symbiodinium from the surrounding environment through horizontal transfer, but the molecular mechanisms involved in the acquisition of(More)
Corals harbor symbiotic dinoflagellates, Symbiodinium spp., acquired from surrounding environments. Because Symbiodinium are present at low densities in the water column, corals may attract these symbionts using chemotactic compounds. To examine whether corals contain chemotactic compounds, we established an assay to measure the chemotactic activity for(More)
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