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Pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP-D), a member of the collectin family, is an innate immune molecule critical for defense that can also modulate adaptive immune responses. We previously showed that SP-D-deficient mice exhibit enhanced allergic responses and that SP-D induction requires lymphocytes. Thus, we postulated that SP-D may decrease adaptive(More)
We have shown previously that myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) is a key regulatory molecule in the process of mucin secretion by airway epithelial cells, and that part of the secretory mechanism involves intracellular associations of MARCKS with specific chaperones: heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and cysteine string protein (CSP). Here,(More)
Recent studies indicate that cyclic AMP (cAMP) induces cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen (CTLA) 4. CTLA4 is expressed in T cells, and is a negative regulator of T cell activation. CTLA4 expression is regulated by T cell receptor plus CD28 (adaptive immune signaling) at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level. Here, we examine the pathways by(More)
PAR-2, a member of a family of G-protein-coupled receptors, can be activated by serine proteases via proteolytic cleavage. PAR-2 expression is known to be upregulated in respiratory epithelium subsequent to inflammation in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Since these diseases also are characterized by excessive mucus production and(More)
The database of genotypes and phenotypes (dbGaP) developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is a resource that contains information on various genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and is currently available via NCBI's dbGaP Entrez interface. The database is an important resource, providing GWAS data that can be used for new(More)
We have reported previously that myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) is a key regulatory molecule controlling mucin secretion by airway epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. The results of those studies supported a mechanism whereby MARCKS, upon phosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC), translocates from plasma membrane to cytoplasm,(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a frequent pulmonary complication in critically ill patients. We characterized a murine model of LPS-induced ALI, focusing on Th cells. Following LPS administration, bronchoalveolar lavage lymphocytes, neutrophils, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and albumin were increased. Analysis of LPS-induced T cells revealed increased Th cell-associated(More)
BACKGROUND Excess mucus in the airways leads to obstruction in diseases such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, and cystic fibrosis. Mucins, the highly glycosolated protein components of mucus, are stored in membrane-bound granules housed in the cytoplasm of airway epithelial "goblet" cells until they are secreted into the airway lumen via an exocytotic(More)
This paper describes an information model based approach to standardizing phenotype variables in dbGaP. Our attempt to utilize existing information models of Clinical Element Models (CEM) was not successful although CEM provided a robust means of representing clinical data. Thus, we developed information models derived from phenotype variable descriptions(More)