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The photosynthetic rate may be strongly limited by internal conductance from the intercellular airspace to the chloroplast stroma (g(i)). However, the effects of growth and leaf temperature on g(i) are still unclarified. In this work, we determined the temperature dependence of g(i) in spinach leaves grown at 30/25 degrees C (high temperature; HT) and 15/10(More)
Recently, several studies reported that the optimum temperature for the initial slope [IS(Ci)] of the light-saturated photosynthetic rate (A) versus intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) curve changed, depending on the growth temperature. However, few studies compare IS(Ci) with ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) properties. Here, we(More)
In illuminated leaves, mitochondria are thought to play roles in optimizing photosynthesis. However, the roles of the cytochrome pathway (CP) and alternative oxidase (AOX) in photosynthesis, in particular in the redox state of the photosynthetic electron transport chain, are not separately characterized. We examined the effects of specific inhibition of two(More)
Plants are sessile organisms that often receive excessive amounts of light energy. This excess energy can be exported from the chloroplasts and dissipated by the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The inner membrane of plant mitochondria possesses unique non-phosphorylating pathways, involving alternative oxidase and type II NAD(P)H dehydrogenases. There are(More)
Alternative oxidase (AOX) catalyses the ATP-uncoupling cyanide (CN)-resistant pathway. In this study, our aim was to clarify the physiological role of AOX at low temperature. We examined the effect of low-temperature treatment on CN-resistant respiration (CN-resistant R) and on the transcription of respiratory components in wild-type (WT) and aox1a(More)
To assess the roles of the cyclic electron flow around PSI (CEF-PSI) and O₂-dependent alternative pathways including the water-water cycle in fluctuating light, we grew the wild type and pgr5 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana in constant light, and measured Chl fluorescence and P700 parameters in their leaves in the fluctuating light alternating between 240(More)
Alternative oxidase (AOX), the unique terminal oxidase in plant mitochondria, catalyzes the energy-wasteful cyanide (CN)-resistant respiration. Although it has been suggested that AOX might prevent chloroplast over-reduction through the efficient dissipation of excess reducing equivalents, direct evidence for this in the physiological context has been(More)
In C(4) photosynthesis, a part of CO(2) fixed by phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) leaks from the bundle-sheath cells. Because the CO(2) leak wastes ATP consumed in the C(4) cycle, the leak may decrease the efficiency of CO(2) assimilation. To examine this possibility, we studied the light dependence of CO(2) leakiness (phi), estimated by the(More)
Properties of C4 photosynthesis were examined in Amaranthus cruentus L. (NAD-malic enzyme (ME) subtype, dicot) grown under different light and nitrogen (N) conditions, from the viewpoint of N investment into their photosynthetic components. In low-light (LL) leaves, chlorophyll content per leaf area was greater and chlorophyll alb ratio was lower than in(More)
Stomatal pores surrounded by a pair of guard cells in the plant epidermis control gas exchange between plants and the atmosphere in response to light, CO2, and the plant hormone abscisic acid. Light-induced stomatal opening is mediated by at least three key components: the blue light receptor phototropin (phot1 and phot2), plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase, and(More)