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We studied the anti-inflammatory activity of meloxicam on rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy and its toxicity for rat gastric mucosa, relative to its in vitro inhibitory potency against partially purified cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 preparations in order to clarify the pharmacological profile of the compound as an anti-inflammatory agent. In rat(More)
Rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy was used to clarify the role of prostaglandin H synthase (PGHS)-2 in acute inflammation. Intrapleural injection of 0.2 ml of 2% lambda-carrageenin induced accumulation of exudate and infiltration of leukocytes into the pleural cavity. When PGHS-1 and -2 proteins in the pleural exudate cells were analyzed by Western blot(More)
Angiogenesis in rat sponge implants, as determined from the concentration of hemoglobin in the sponge granuloma tissues, was gradually increased over a 14-day experimental period. The inducible cyclooxygenase COX-2 was detected in the sponge granuloma tissues at day 4 by Western blot analysis using specific mouse COX-2 antibody. Angiogenesis in the sponge(More)
The present study examined the inhibitory profiles of NS-398 and nimesulide against prostaglandin (PG) formation in inflammatory and non-inflammatory sites, and compared them with those of aspirin and indomethacin. In vitro, indomethacin inhibited PGH synthase (PGHS)-1 and PGHS-2 almost equally, while NS-398 and nimesulide inhibited only PGHS-2. NS-398 (1,(More)
We studied the effects of meloxicam on prostanoid levels, both in the inflammatory site in rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy and in the rat stomach injected with 1 mol/l NaCl solution, to clarify the relationship between its low gastric toxicity and its relative cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 selectivity. NS-398 (3 mg/kg), a highly selective COX-2 inhibitor, and(More)
We investigated the induction of cyclooxygenase (COX) in rat endometrium during the estrus cycle. The estrus cycle was divided into five stages (proestrus, estrus, diestrus-1, diestrus-2, diestrus-3) by cytological observation of vaginal smears. COX-1 was detected in the endometrium during all five stages of the estrus cycle. In contrast, COX-2 in the(More)
Granulocyte apoptosis and subsequent clearance by phagocytes are critical for the resolution of inflammation. However, no studies have addressed how the resolution proceeds in the inflammatory site. We studied the time course of neutrophil apoptosis and the following ingestion by mononuclear leukocytes in rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy, detecting DNA(More)
Since anti-inflammatory steroids modulate multiple gene expression, including the expression of prostaglandin H synthase-2 and phospholipase A(2), at the molecular level, we studied the effects of dexamethasone on rat carrageenin-induced pleurisy to elucidate whether regulation of phospholipase A(2) and prostaglandin H synthase-2 expression is the primary(More)
Administration of human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, 100 μg/kg/day, s.c) to rats for 4 days significantly increased circulating neutrophil counts (by 1130%), together with an increase in mononuclear leukocyte counts (by 119%). Infiltrated pleural neutrophil counts in G-CSF-treated rats (G-CSF-r) 5h after the intrapleural(More)