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The objectives of this study were to evaluate effects of rigor state, thawing temperature, and processing on the physicochemical properties of intact frozen duck breast muscle and homogenates prepared with the frozen-thawed muscles. Prerigor breast muscle was frozen at -25°C and thawed at 4 and 15°C, and the physicochemical properties of duck breast frozen(More)
This study was aimed at evaluation of the effect of glasswort levels (0, 0.5, 1, and 1.5%) on the textural properties of frankfurters formulated with 0.75% NaCl. The addition of glasswort improved protein solubility (P<0.05) and apparent viscosity of frankfurters formulated with 0.75% NaCl, resulting in increased cooking yield and emulsion stability. This(More)
The effects of reducing pork fat levels from 30% to 20%, 15%, and 10% by partially substituting pork back fat with a makgeolli lees fiber were investigated regarding approximate composition, energy value, pH, color, cooking loss, emulsion stability, texture profile analysis, apparent viscosity, and sensory evaluation. The moisture and ash contents, redness,(More)
The effects of reducing pork fat levels from 30% to 20% by partially substituting pork fat with a mix of sunflower seed oil (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20%) and makgeolli lees fiber (2%) were investigated based on physicochemical properties, textural properties, and sensory characteristics of reduced-fat frankfurters. The moisture and ash content, and lightness were(More)
Three groups of single-halm potato plants were tested for water usage at different stages of growth under growth chamber, greenhouse and field conditions by conducting 24-hour uptake studies at weekly intervals. Although the water usage was higher and more variable in the greenhouse and field than in the growth chamber because of varying environmental(More)
The antioxidant effect of different kimchi extracts in cooked ground pork during storage for 14 days at 4°C was studied. Cooked ground pork was treated with ascorbic acid, BHT, baechu kimchi (BK), got kimchi (GK), puchu kimchi (PK), and white kimchi (WK) and compared to cooked ground pork without antioxidant. Radical scavenging and chelating activities of(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the tenderization effect of soy sauce on beef M. biceps femoris (BF). Five marinades were prepared with 4% (w/v) sodium chloride and 25% (w/v) soy sauce solutions (4% salt concentration) and mixed with the ratios of 100:0 (S0, pH 6.52), 75:25 (S25, 5.40) 50:50 (S50, 5.24), 25:75 (S75, 5.05), and 0:100 (S100, 4.85),(More)
The combined effects of kimchi powder (KP) and smoking (SM) on the quality characteristics and shelf life of cooked sausage prepared with 10 kGy irradiated pork (IP) were studied. The cooked sausages were formulated with single or combined treatment of 0.5% KP and SM (70°C for 30 min). IP+KP+SM treatment showed increased redness, hardness, gumminess, and(More)
The effect of mugwort extract (ME) and vitamin C (VC), added individually or in combination, on color, lipid oxidation, and sensory characteristics of chicken nuggets stored for 12 d was investigated. Eight treatments of chicken nuggets contained the following: Control (no antioxidant added), VC (0.05% VC), ME 0.05 (0.05% ME), ME 0.1 (0.1% ME), ME 0.2 (0.2%(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of skin on the textural properties of semi-dried jerky produced with different acid treatments. Jerky was prepared with no skin (control) or with 1, 3, or 5% chicken skin. After hand mixing (for 3 min) and tumbling (for 30 min) to distribute the curing ingredients, the cured meats were dried for 180 min(More)