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The monoclonal antibody M-DC8 defines a major subset of human blood dendritic cells (DCs). Here we identify the M-DC8 structure as 6-sulfo LacNAc, a novel carbohydrate modification of the P selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1). In contrast to previously described blood DCs, M-DC8+ DCs lack the cutaneous lymphocyte antigen (CLA) on PSGL-1 and fail to bind(More)
Inefficient T cell migration is a major limitation of cancer immunotherapy. Targeted activation of the tumor microenvironment may overcome this barrier. We demonstrate that neoadjuvant local low-dose gamma irradiation (LDI) causes normalization of aberrant vasculature and efficient recruitment of tumor-specific T cells in human pancreatic carcinomas and(More)
BACKGROUND A subgroup of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CU) exhibits IgE antibodies directed against autoantigens, such as thyroperoxidase (TPO). We conducted this study to investigate whether such patients with CU with IgE against TPO benefit from treatment with omalizumab, a humanized anti-IgE mAb licensed for the treatment of severe(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is considered to result from activated T cells stimulated by a population of inflammatory dermal dendritic cells (DCs). The origin and identity of these inflammatory dermal DCs are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE We previously identified slanDCs (6-sulfo LacNAc) DCs as a rich source of TNF-α and(More)
Early and high-level production of IL-12 is crucial for effective immune responses against pathogens. Up until now, the cells providing this initial IL-12 have remained elusive. Here we show that a subset of human blood dendritic cells (DC) is the principal and primary source of IL-12p70 when blood leukocytes are stimulated with the TLR4-ligand LPS or with(More)
Interleukin 4 (IL-4) can suppress delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions (DTHRs), including organ-specific autoimmune diseases in mice and humans. Despite the broadly documented antiinflammatory effect of IL-4, the underlying mode of action remains incompletely understood, as IL-4 also promotes IL-12 production by dendritic cells (DCs) and IFN-γ-producing(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are characterized by their unique capacity for primary T cell activation, providing the opportunity for DC-based cancer vaccination protocols. Novel findings reveal that besides their role as potent inducers of tumor-specific T cells, human DCs display additional antitumor effects. Most of these data were obtained with monocyte-derived(More)
Dermal dendritic cells (DCs) play a central role in the immunopathology of psoriasis. We previously identified slanDCs as pro-inflammatory TNF-α, IL-23- and IL-12-producing DCs in human blood and as prominent inflammatory dermal TNF-α secreting and CD11c-positive DC subset in psoriasis. Here, we ask for the effects of TNF-α-inhibition on inflammatory(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine liver tissue from patients with cholestatic disease for the presence of group C rotavirus RNA. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for genes 5 and 6 was used, and the PCR products were subjected to liquid hybridization with a 32P-labeled probe. A second amplification with nested(More)
Extrahepatic biliary atresia is a devastating disease occurring in 1 in 10,000 to 14,000 infants annually in the United States. We have recently described preliminary data suggesting an association of group C rotavirus with biliary atresia in two infants. However, a group C rotavirus animal model of biliary atresia is not presently available. On the other(More)