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a Faculty of Geography, University of Marburg, Deutschhausstraße 10, D-35032 Marburg, Germany b Dept. of Biology, University of Bergen, Allégaten 41, N-5007 Bergen, Norway c Dept. of Biology, Tibet University Lhasa, 36 Jiangso Road, Lhasa, A.R.Xizang, 850000, China d Dept. of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, Albrecht v. Haller Institute of Plant Sciences,(More)
This paper provides information about the distribution, structure, and ecology of the world's largest alpine ecosystem, the Kobresia pygmaea pastures in the southeastern Tibetan plateau. The environmental importance of these Cyperaceae mats derives from the extremely firm turf, which protects large surfaces against erosion, including the headwaters of the(More)
Rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) contain large quantities of silicon (Si) in form of phytoliths, which increase their resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses. The Si cycle through rice fields is hardly studied. We tested how increasing Si availability affects rice growth and the decomposability of the straw. Secondly we tested the role of straw recycling for(More)
A new fluorimetric assay is presented for the specific and reliable quantitation of >/=2 nM avidin and streptavidin. The assay is based on pronounced changes in the fluorescence properties of commercial fluorescein-biotin, or of a newly synthesized biotin-poly(ethylene glycol)-pyrene conjugate, which occur upon binding to avidin and streptavidin. Accurate(More)
The dynamics of phosphorus (P) in the environment is important for regulating nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems and an integral part in assessing biological resilience against environmental change. Organic P (Po) compounds play key roles in biological and ecosystems function in the terrestrial environment being critical to cell function,(More)
Heterobifunctional poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) derivatives with a biotin terminus have been synthesized and characterized with respect to avidin binding. Unambiguous measurement of biotinyl and pyridyldithiopropionyl end groups was established by selecting suitable assays and introducing necessary modifications. Functional studies on the binding of(More)
Peptides carrying an immunodominant T-helper cell epitope delineated from the rabies virus nucleoprotein either alone or in combination with a linear B-cell epitope from the same protein were incorporated into three different formulations of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) which were distinct in their composition, and consequently in their peptide(More)
Peptides 31D and VF13, corresponding to the rabies virus nucleo- and glycoproteins, respectively, vigorously stimulate T helper cells of the appropriate specificity. Earlier we showed how internal and external glycosylation affects the major histocompatibility complex molecule (MHC)-binding ability and conformation of these T-cell epitopes (Otvos et al.(More)
The article “Organic phosphorus in the terrestrial environment: a perspective on the state of the art and future priorities”, written by Timothy S George et al., was originally published with incorrect affiliation information for one of the co-authors, E. Klumpp.
Conventional biotin-fluorophore conjugates with approximately 14 atom spacers are strongly quenched when bound to avidin or streptavidin, whereas fluorescence becomes insensitive to receptor binding if typical fluorophores are linked to biotin via poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains (Gruber et al., see the second of three papers in this issue). In the(More)