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Most of the oceanic reservoir of dissolved organic matter (DOM) is of marine origin and is resistant to microbial oxidation, but little is known about the mechanisms of its formation. In a laboratory study, natural assemblages of marine bacteria rapidly (in <48 hours) utilized labile compounds (glucose, glutamate) and produced refractory DOM that persisted(More)
This paper provides information about the distribution, structure, and ecology of the world's largest alpine ecosystem, the Kobresia pygmaea pastures in the southeastern Tibetan plateau. The environmental importance of these Cyperaceae mats derives from the extremely firm turf, which protects large surfaces against erosion, including the headwaters of the(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: nomadism grazing ecology human impact environmental change palaeoecology Anthropocene Qinghai–Tibet plateau The Tibetan highlands host one of the world's largest pastoral ecosystems, but the evolutionary impact of the Tibetan nomadic livestock economy on the environment has not yet been investigated. Despite this grazing(More)
Amino sugars were determined in natural samples, including seawater, using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection and a new-off-line sample cleanup procedure. Samples were hydrolyzed with 3 M HCl for 5 h (100 degrees C) and neutralized with anion retardation resin. Before injection, salts and organic contaminants(More)
In this study, we explore the potential to reconstruct lake-level (and groundwater) fluctuations from tree-ring chronologies of black alder (Alnus glutinosa L.) for three study lakes in the Mecklenburg Lake District, northeastern Germany. As gauging records for lakes in this region are generally short, long-term reconstructions of lake-level fluctuations(More)
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