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Identification of genetic risk factors for albuminuria may alter strategies for early prevention of CKD progression, particularly among patients with diabetes. Little is known about the influence of common genetic variants on albuminuria in both general and diabetic populations. We performed a meta-analysis of data from 63,153 individuals of European(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of end-stage renal disease is especially high in men, and some studies indicated that smoking is a risk factor for men only. We investigated associations between obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population and whether risk for CKD was restricted to men. METHODS This was a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical course of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis and renal involvement, with special reference to relapse rate, renal and patient survival and morbidity from serious infections. METHODS A retrospective analysis was carried out of 108 patients presenting with Wegener's granulomatosis and active(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous studies suggest similar patient survival for peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD), PD use has decreased worldwide. We aimed to study trends in the choice of first dialysis modality and relate these to variation in patient and technique survival and kidney transplant rates in Europe over the last 20 years. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The cardiovascular risk implications of a combined assessment of reduced kidney function and microalbuminuria are unknown. In elderly persons, traditional cardiovascular risk factors are less predictive, and measures of end organ damage, such as kidney disease, may be needed for improved cardiovascular mortality risk stratification. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND There is a well-known association between membranous nephropathy (MN) and cancer, and patients with MN usually are examined for cancer at the time of diagnosis. The long-term risk of cancer after MN is not well studied. STUDY DESIGN Cohort study with record linkage between the Norwegian Kidney Biopsy Registry and Norwegian Cancer Registry. (More)
BACKGROUND This study describes the incidence and outcomes of European patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) for kidney failure due to antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). STUDY DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS 12 renal registries providing individual RRT patient data to the European Renal(More)
OBJECTIVES Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) that accumulates in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and predicts cardiovascular outcome. Arginine is the substrate for NOS and a low arginine/ADMA ratio may lead to a reduced NO production and a worse prognosis. We have studied how other(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to quantitate inflammatory cells in renal biopsies from patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and to identify cells participating in early fibrogenesis. The goal was to determine whether these cells correlated with the severity of renal disease and whether their presence had a bearing on renal prognosis. MATERIAL AND(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive renal damage has become one of the most important causes of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in Western countries. Affected patients rarely have a kidney biopsy and their diagnoses therefore remain uncertain. The objective of the present study was to examine patients suspected of renal glomerular disease, which at biopsy proved to have(More)