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The overall prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is extremely poor. However, a small proportion of patients enjoy prolonged survival. This study investigated retrospectively the extent to which erroneous histopathological classification may contribute to long-term survival of patients initially diagnosed with "glioblastoma multiforme." We(More)
The mdx mouse, an animal model of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy, was used for the investigation of changes in mitochondrial function associated with dystrophin deficiency. Enzymatic analysis of skeletal muscle showed an approximately 50% decrease in the activity of all respiratory chain-linked enzymes in musculus quadriceps of adult mdx mice as compared(More)
PURPOSE Activation of intracellular signaling cascades has been implicated in the growth control of benign meningiomas, but their role for meningioma progression and outcome is unknown. Here we determined the expression and function of proteins involved in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling in benign,(More)
PURPOSE Under physiological conditions, levels of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate within the retina are regulated by retinal glutamate transporters to prevent toxic accumulation. Alterations in this glutamate buffering have been implicated in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. We quantified the changes in the level of glutamate transporter mRNA in(More)
We have previously reported that sst2A somatostatin receptors are frequently overexpressed in human meningiomas. Initial clinical observations suggest that somatostatin analogues may also be of value for imaging and treatment of other human intracranial tumors, including astrocytomas. However, contradictory results have been reported regarding the(More)
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is regarded as a rare glial neoplasm of unknown origin, and a detailed analysis of molecular alterations underlying this disease has started only recently. However, because GC characteristically affects large parts of the brain and spinal cord, the distribution of genetic alterations may be highly variable between different tumor(More)
The expression of metalloproteinases was evaluated in a series of 12 meningiomas of various histological subtypes including 3 meningotheliomatous, 3 fibroblastic, 4 transitional and one psammomatous meningioma (WHO grade I) as well as one anaplastic meningioma (WHO grade III). No gelatinolytic activity could be detected in all tumor samples pointing towards(More)
We report the case of a female patient, who died at the age of 66 years. Besides an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) she had developed the clinical symptoms of stiff-man-syndrome (SMS) and harbored autoantibodies against glutamate-decarboxylase (GAD) in blood and liquor. GAD catalyzes the biosynthesis of the inhibitory neurotransmitter(More)
In an earlier study, we showed that heteroplasmy in the mitochondrial genome of gliomas sometimes occurs in a D-loop polycytosine tract. We extended this study by pairwise comparisons between glioma samples and adjacent brain tissue of 55 patients (50 glioblastomas, 1 astrocytoma WHO grade III, 4 astrocytomas WHO grade II). We used a combination of laser(More)