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The overall prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is extremely poor. However, a small proportion of patients enjoy prolonged survival. This study investigated retrospectively the extent to which erroneous histopathological classification may contribute to long-term survival of patients initially diagnosed with "glioblastoma multiforme." We(More)
We report the case of a female patient, who died at the age of 66 years. Besides an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) she had developed the clinical symptoms of stiff-man-syndrome (SMS) and harbored autoantibodies against glutamate-decarboxylase (GAD) in blood and liquor. GAD catalyzes the biosynthesis of the inhibitory neurotransmitter(More)
TFF-peptides (formerly P domain peptides, trefoil factors) are typical secretory products of many mucous epithelial cells. TFF3 is also synthesized in the hypothalamus and has anxiolytic or anxiogenic activities when injected into the rat amygdala. Here we show by immunohistochemistry that TFF3 is localized to a distinct population of neurons of the human(More)
PURPOSE Under physiological conditions, levels of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate within the retina are regulated by retinal glutamate transporters to prevent toxic accumulation. Alterations in this glutamate buffering have been implicated in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. We quantified the changes in the level of glutamate transporter mRNA in(More)
The expression of metalloproteinases was evaluated in a series of 12 meningiomas of various histological subtypes including 3 meningotheliomatous, 3 fibroblastic, 4 transitional and one psammomatous meningioma (WHO grade I) as well as one anaplastic meningioma (WHO grade III). No gelatinolytic activity could be detected in all tumor samples pointing towards(More)
The transmembrane tyrosine-specific protein kinase TrkB has been shown to serve as a receptor for the neurotrophic factors BDNF and NT-4. Neurotrophin binding to TrkB isoformes mediates many intracellular signaling pathways, including calcium signalling. Two truncated isoforms of the receptor, lacking the tyrosine kinase activity, signal through a yet(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (WHO grade IV; GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor with a median survival of less than one year despite multimodal treatment regimens. However, a small subgroup of GBM patients has a better clinical outcome, with a small number of patients surviving several years. Apoptosis, a genetically determined program of cell suicide,(More)
Some neurodegenerative disorders of adults involving mental retardation are associated with reduction of dendritic spines and number of synapses. A study was performed to prove the changes in the density of dendritic spines and synaptophysin-immunoreactive granules in the frontal cortex of cases with infantile brain damage and a possible correlation between(More)
Tumours of the pineal region are uncommon. We report on a 62-year-old male presenting with Parinaud's syndrome and aqueduct stenosis caused by a cystic tumour in the pineal region. During surgery, adjacent to the cystic tumour, a second smaller tumour was identified, which was clearly separate from the first tumour and from the pineal gland. Histological(More)