Knud D. Knudsen

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Thyroid function was evaluated in the Marshallese who were accidentally exposed to fallout-containing radioiodine isotopes in 1954. Measurements of thyrotrophin (TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone) levels and free thyroxine (T4) index (FT4I) have revealed that, among 86 persons exposed on Rongelap and Ailingnae atolls, 14 have shown evidence of thyroid(More)
TWO STRAINS OF RAT HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED BY SELECTIVE BREEDING: one strain (R rats) is resistant to salt hypertension, the other strain (S rats) is highly susceptible. The inheritance of these traits has been explored in the first (F(1)) and second (F(2)) generation of crossbred rats and in backcrosses between parent and first filial (F(1) x R, F(1) x S)(More)
The effects of several renal manipulations including uninephrectomy, unilateral renal artery constriction, and a combination of these two (Goldblatt procedure) were studied in two strains of rats with opposite constitutional predispositions to experimental hypertension. The protective value of intact renal tissue to protect against hypertension was shown to(More)
Parabiosis has been found to modify the expected blood pressure response of rats from two strains with opposite genetic propensities for experimental hypertension. When a member from one strain was united in parabiosis with a member from the other and both were maintained on high NaCl diet, the rat from the strain ordinarily resistant to it rapidly(More)
In a genetically hypertension-prone (S) strain of rats it was observed previously that males generally developed hypertension more rapidly on a high salt diet than did females although final pressure ultimately were similar in both sexes. A genetic study had shown that there was no sex-linkage involved in setting blood pressure levels, so it was thought(More)
In adrenalectomized, genetically hypertension-prone rats, a high degree of correlation was found between evidence of functioning adrenal tissue and the development of salt hypertension. There is considerable evidence that some rats have the capacity to regenerate functioning adrenal cortical tissue from accessory glands and microscopic rests, sometimes in(More)
Two strains of rats with opposite, genetically determined predispositions to hyper-tension were compared. Rats from the hypertension-prone strain had significantly lower plasma and kidney renin activities than did rats from the hypertension-resistant strain. Although renin activities were modified by NaCl intake and blood pressure, significant differences(More)