Kleopatra H. Schulpis

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Bone mineral status was assessed in 48 children with phenylketonuria (PKU) (20M, 28 F, aged 2.5-17 y). Bone density was measured in the distal third of the right forearm using single photon absorptiometry and was expressed as +/-SD with respect to age- and gender-matched controls. Serum calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase(More)
UNLABELLED Galactosaemia is an inborn error of galactose (Gal) metabolism characterized by irreversible brain damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the antioxidants L-cysteine (Cys) and the reduced glutathione (GSH) could reverse the alterations of brain total antioxidant status (TAS) and the modulated activities of the enzymes Na+,K+(More)
Valproic acid (VPA) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) are implicated with the free radicals production. We aimed to evaluate total oxidant status (TOS) and 8-OHdG in children on VPA monotherapy. Fifty patients with seizures, mean age 8.5+/-3.6 years, were divided into group A (N=26) and group B (N=24) with VPA serum levels 81.0+/-8.0 and 114+/-9.7(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the preincubation of brain homogenates with L-phenylalanine (Phe), L-cysteine (Cys) or reduced glutathione (GSH) could reverse the free radical effects on Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Two well established systems were used for the production of free radicals: 1) FeSO4 (84 microM) plus ascorbic acid (400 microM)(More)
AIM To evaluate selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) concentrations in Greek and Albanian immigrant mothers and in the cord blood of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS From 1118 Greek and 820 Albanian mothers and from the cord blood of their neonates blood was obtained for Se and Cu measurement. Se and Cu concentrations were determined in sera with graphite(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the preincubation of brain homogenates with L-phenylalanine (Phe) could reverse the free radical effects on brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, since it has been reported that Phe binds hydroxyl radicals ((*)OH). DESIGN AND METHODS Two well established systems were used for production of free radicals: (a) FeSO(4)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the activities of Na+,K+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase in erythrocyte membranes from phenylketonuric (PKU) patients and to correlate the enzyme activities with their blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels, biogenic amines as well as with their precursors tyrosine (Tyr) and tryptophan (Try). DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty three PKU patients were(More)
PURPOSE Valproic acid (VPA) is an effective antiepileptic drug (AED), which is associated with dose-related adverse reactions such as skin rash, hair loss (alopecia), etc. Profound as well as partial biotinidase deficiency causes dermatologic manifestations similar these. Therefore, it was of interest to evaluate serum biotinidase activity in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Low folate and vitamin B(12) concentrations during pregnancy are implicated with neural tube defects (NTD) and neurological manifestations in the neonates. AIM To compare serum concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) in 1025 Greek mothers, 908 immigrant Albanian mothers at delivery and in the cord blood of their neonates. METHODS A 30 days(More)
BACKGROUND Biogenic amine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine (5-HT) levels are related to interleukin-6 (IL-6) plasma concentrations and endurance exercise. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery on maternal-neonatal IL-6, biogenic amine and their precursor amino acid levels. METHODS Some(More)