Kleopas A Kleopa

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Mutations in the gene encoding the K+ channel KCNQ2 cause neonatal epilepsy and myokymia, indicating that KCNQ2 regulates the excitability of CNS neurons and motor axons, respectively. We show here that KCNQ2 channels are functional components of axon initial segments and nodes of Ranvier, colocalizing with ankyrin-G and voltage-dependent Na+ channels(More)
Antibodies that immunoprecipitate (125)I-alpha-dendrotoxin-labelled voltage-gated potassium channels extracted from mammalian brain tissue have been identified in patients with neuromyotonia, Morvan's syndrome, limbic encephalitis and a few cases of adult-onset epilepsy. These conditions often improve following immunomodulatory therapies. However, the(More)
Although both Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes express connexin32 (Cx32), the loss of this connexin causes demyelination only in the PNS. To determine whether oligodendrocytes might express another connexin that can function in place of Cx32, we searched for novel CNS-specific connexins using reverse transcriptase-PCR and degenerate primers. We identified(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to describe the clinical spectrum, voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex antibody specificities, and central nervous system localization of antibody binding in 29 patients diagnosed with Morvan syndrome (MoS). METHODS Clinical data were collected using questionnaires. Radioimmunoassay, cell-based assays, and mouse(More)
Both oligodendrocytes and myelinating Schwann cells express the gap junction protein connexin32 (Cx32). Mutations in the gene encoding Cx32 (GJB1) cause the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX). Although most CMTX patients do not have clinical central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, subclinical evidence of CNS dysfunction is common. We(More)
BACKGROUND Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The authors recently mapped an autosomal dominant demyelinating form of CMT type 1 (CMT1C) to chromosome 16p13.1-p12.3. OBJECTIVE To find the gene mutations underlying CMT1C. METHODS The authors used a combination of standard(More)
Oligodendrocytes of adult rodents express three different connexins: connexin29 (Cx29), Cx32, and Cx47. In this study, we show that Cx29 is localized to the inner membrane of small myelin sheaths, whereas Cx32 is localized on the outer membrane of large myelin sheaths; Cx29 does not colocalize with Cx32 in gap junction plaques. All oligodendrocytes appear(More)
The gap junction (GJ) protein connexin32 (Cx32) is expressed by myelinating Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes and is mutated in X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. In addition to a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy, some Cx32 mutants are associated with transient or chronic CNS phenotypes. To investigate the molecular basis of these phenotypes, we(More)
Double-seronegative myasthenia gravis (dSN-MG, without detectable AChR and MuSK antibodies) presents a serious gap in MG diagnosis and understanding. Recently, autoantibodies against the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4) have been identified in several dSN-MG sera, but with dramatic frequency variation (∼2-50%). We have developed a(More)
BACKGROUND About 40% of patients with limbic encephalitis do not have detectable CNS antibodies. Some of these patients have immune-mediated limbic encephalitis, but their frequency is unknown. AIMS (1) To determine the spectrum of limbic encephalitis identified on clinical grounds in a single institution, and compare it with that in patients referred for(More)