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HER2-positive breast cancer is characterized by aggressive growth and poor prognosis. Women with metastatic breast cancer with over-expression of HER2 protein or excessive presence of HER2 gene copies are potential candidates for Herceptin (Trastuzumab) targeted treatment that binds to HER2 receptors on tumor cells and inhibits tumor cell growth.(More)
The evaluation of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) images is one of the most widely used methods to determine Her-2/neu status of breast samples, a valuable prognostic indicator. Conventional evaluation is a difficult task since it involves manual counting of dots in multiple images. In this paper, we present a multistage algorithm for the automated(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a digital radiograph registration and subtraction software for a sensitive and reliable assessment of the progress of chronic apical periodontitis. Ninety cases of teeth with chronic apical periodontitis have been studied. In each case, a preoperative radiograph was taken, root canals were(More)
AIM AND METHODOLOGY Two cases of internal tooth resorption were examined. A mandibular premolar and a mandibular canine were studied after they were extracted using radiographs, a stereomicroscope (SM) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Lastly, 3D images of the sectioned teeth were obtained(3D). RESULTS Radiographically, internal root resorption(More)
The immunohistochemical detection of neurofilament protein (NF), peripherin (PRP), S100B protein (S100B), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and chromogranin-A (CgA) has been studied in nerve fibres and bundles of human dental pulp. This was done in order to identify possible differences in the distribution pattern of the above markers between normal and(More)
Fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) constitute a pair of complimentary techniques for detecting gene amplification and overexpression, respectively. The advantages of IHC include relatively cheap materials and high sample durability, while FISH is the more accurate and reproducible method. Evaluation of FISH and IHC(More)
In this paper, a new high-resolution model of a virtual human head is introduced, aiming to build an educational tool for anatomy studies of the head, oral/nasal cavities and teeth. The human head model is based on anatomical data provided by Visible Human Project. Firstly, anatomical structures' contours were extracted on head slices in a semi-automatic(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of digital image processing and analysis procedures for the study and comparison of the efficiency of 2 root canal instrumentation techniques. STUDY DESIGN Forty mandibular incisors with a single canal were randomly divided into 2 groups of 20 teeth. A step-back technique was followed for(More)
As a result of rapid advances in genome sequencing, the pace of discovery of new protein sequences has surpassed that of structure and function determination by orders of magnitude. This is also true for metal-binding proteins, that is, proteins that bind one or more metal atoms necessary for their biological function. While metal binding site geometry and(More)