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The influence of a finite volume of ions and orientational ordering of water Langevin dipoles on the dielectric permittivity profile in the vicinity of charged surface is studied theoretically via a numerical solution of the modified Poisson-Boltzmann equation. It is shown that the dielectric permittivity profile close to the charged surface is mainly(More)
The expression for the isotropic membrane bending energy was generalized for the case of a multicomponent membrane where the membrane constituents (single molecules or small complexes of molecules-membrane inclusions) were assumed to be anisotropic. Using this generalized expression for the membrane energy it was shown that the change of intrinsic shape of(More)
It is well-known that a number of surface characteristics affect the extent of adhesion between two adjacent materials. One of such parameters is the surface roughness as surface asperities at the nanoscale level govern the overall adhesive forces. For example, the extent of bacterial adhesion is determined by the surface topography; also, once a bacteria(More)
Divalent cations, i.e., calcium, magnesium, and others, are able to enhance the ability of DNA to interact with membranes that are composed of zwitterionic lipids such as phosphatidylcholine. The resulting condensed complexes offer potential applications as nontoxic gene delivery vehicles. The present study suggests a generic theoretical model to describe(More)
We calculate the membrane-mediated interaction between two cylindrical inclusions in a symmetric lipid bilayer. Our theory takes two contributions to the free energy into account, the elastic behavior of the membrane and the conformational restrictions that the flexible hydrocarbon chains of the lipids experience in the vicinity of a rigid inclusion. The(More)
In biological systems, charged membrane surfaces are surrounded by charged molecules such as electrolyte ions and proteins. Our recent experiments in the systems of giant phospholipid vesicles indicated that some of the blood plasma proteins (macro-ions) may promote adhesion between equally charged membrane surfaces. In this work, theory was put forward to(More)
DNA is stored in vivo in a highly compact, so-called condensed phase, where gene regulatory processes are governed by the intricate interplay between different states of DNA compaction. These systems often have surprising properties, which one would not predict from classical concepts of dilute solutions. The mechanistic details of DNA packing are essential(More)
We observed monoclonal antibody mediated coalescence of negatively charged giant unilamellar phospholipid vesicles upon close approach of the vesicles. This feature is described, using a mean field density functional theory and Monte Carlo simulations, as that of two interacting flat electrical double layers. Antibodies are considered as spherical(More)
A simple statistical mechanical approach is applied to calculate the profile of the density of the number of particles and the profile of the electrostatic potential of an electric double layer formed by a charged cylindrical surface in contact with electrolyte solution. The finite size of particles constituting the electrolyte solution is considered by(More)
A membrane inclusion can be defined as a complex of protein or peptide and the surrounding significantly distorted lipids. We suggest a theoretical model that allows for the estimation of the influence of membrane inclusions on the curvature elastic properties of lipid membranes. Our treatment includes anisotropic inclusions whose energetics depends on(More)