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[1] We place the European summer heat wave of 2003 in the context of other extreme summer tropospheric temperature events from 22°N to 80°N since 1979, as well as globally using annual averages. The analysis is performed in terms of standard deviations (SD) exceeded and correlations between regional extremes and temperatures at larger spatial scales. As has(More)
[1] We agree with Connolley [2008] that the 2003 heat wave as measured by the near surface temperature does indeed appear to be much more unusual than the 1000 – 500 mb depth-averaged anomaly. We chose, however, the averaged temperature to characterize the heat wave for several reasons. First, a layer average permits a more comprehensive assessment of large(More)
[1] This study investigates the magnitude and spatial extent of extreme summer temperature and specific humidity events in the extratropical northern hemisphere (NHEXT) using the NCEP Reanalysis (1979–2012) and the 20 th century reanalysis (1871–2010). Specifically, we look at the percentage of area exceeding standard deviation thresholds in layer-averaged(More)
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