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There are two different pathways known to be used for the detoxification of hydrocyanic acid in insects, viz., rhodanese and β-cyano-l-ala-nine synthase. We consider the latter to be indicative for cyanogenesis, while rhodanese might, in general, play a more important role in sulfur transfer for protein synthesis. This paper reports on the distribution of(More)
Mistletoe lectin I (ML-I) is a type II ribosome-inactivating protein, which inhibits the protein biosynthesis at the ribosomal level. ML-I is composed of a catalytically active A-chain with rRNA N-glycosidase activity and a B-chain with carbohydrate binding specificities. Using comparative solid-phase binding assays along with electrospray ionization tandem(More)
The anticancer drug rViscumin, currently under clinical development, has been shown in previous studies to be a sialic acid specific ribosome inactivating protein (RIP). Comparative binding assays with the CD75s-specific monoclonal antibodies HB6 and J3-89 revealed rViscumin to be a CD75s-specific RIP due to identical binding characteristics toward CD75s(More)
Extracts from the European mistletoe plant Viscumalbum have been studied for decades for their direct and indirect anticancer activity. Therefore, scientists were interested in identifying the active compound (mistletoe lectin) in these extracts and making it available as a highly purified molecule for drug development. Recombinant mistletoe lectin (INN:(More)
BACKGROUND Lectins, carbohydrate proteins, bind to glycoconjugates of all mammalian cells, including cancer cells. Aberrant glycosylation, detected by lectin histochemistry, can predict outcome in some tumour entities. One such lectin is aviscumine (recombinant mistletoe lectin). Aviscumine has cytotoxic effects and can therefore be used as anti-tumour(More)
An immuno-polymerase chain reaction (IPCR) assay is used to evaluate the kinetic behaviour of the novel anti-cancer drug Aviscumine in plasma samples taken from 41 patients during a 3-year clinical trial. The ultrasensitive IPCR assay employed the amplification of a detection-antibody linked marker-DNA and an internal competitor DNA for standardization,(More)
Nebulization of aqueous drug solutions is a suitable delivery system for pulmonary application of proteins because it can easily produce droplets small enough to reach the alveolar region. However, proteins are sensitive to nebulization. Therefore, stabilizers need to be added which on the other hand influence the aerosol performance, such as average(More)
To allow for pharmacokinetic studies in adjunction with the current clinical developments of the potent cytostatic anti-cancer drug rViscumin, a sandwich immuno-PCR (IPCR) assay was developed for the detection of rViscumin in blood plasma. The IPCR was carried out with a commercially available reagent kit, consisting of pre-assembled rViscumin-specific(More)
BACKGROUND Aviscumine, a recombinant plant protein, is an immune modulator that induces ribotoxic stress at the 28S ribosomal RNA subunit. In this way cytokine release and T-cell responses are enhanced. This phase II trial was conducted to test the efficacy and safety of aviscumine in patients with systemically pre-treated metastatic melanoma stage IV. (More)
The pulmonary drug delivery of proteins present an alternative to parenteral and oral administration. Nebulization of aqueous protein solutions is an ideal method for pulmonary application of therapeutic proteins considering the difficulties of their formulation as MDIs or DPIs. This research presents the effect of variable excipients on the stability of(More)