Klaus Winnefeld

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The kinetics of vitamin E was followed in serum, liver and kidney of 10- and 55-day-old rats after the administration of a single i.m. dose of 100 mg α-tocopherol acetate/100 g body wt. The basal levels without vitamin E administration were significantly higher in serum and liver of 10- than 55-day-old rats. The effect of vitamin E on cisplatin (CP; 0.6(More)
The uptake of chromate by the duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza was investigated with atomic absorption spectroscopy and the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(V) was measured using low frequency EPR spectroscopy. The biphasic kinetics of the uptake was fitted to parameters of a proposed kinetic model. Another model was developed to simulate chromate reduction. The first(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Antioxidant enzymes like copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and gluthatione peroxidase (GSHPx) are part of intracellular protection mechanisms to overcome oxidative stress and are known to be activated in vascular diseases and acute stroke. We investigated the differences of antioxidant capacity in acute stroke and(More)
Wistar rats (10 and 55 days old) were administered a single dose of 0.6 mg cisplatinum (CP) 100 g body wt. intraperitoneally. Urinary volume, p-aminohippurate and total protein excretion were determined. Separation of urinary proteins was performed by sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Significant symptoms of nephrotoxicity (oliguria,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Feasibility of a new interventional procedure for the treatment of breast cancer called "magnetic thermal ablation" was examined under in vivo animal conditions. The method consists in the intratumoral application of iron oxide particles and the exposure of the breast to an alternating magnetic field, whereby the tumor is eliminated(More)
The purpose of the study was to examine the zinc and iron content of human lenses in different types of cataract and to investigate the possible influence of diabetes on the zinc and iron content of the lens. Iron and zinc of 57 human lenses (28 corticonuclear cataracts and 29 mature cataracts with a mean age of 70.6±16.1 and 74.7±11.1 yr, 41 nondiabetics(More)
A direct method for determination of Fe, Cu, Zn, Mg and Se in erythrocytes was developed. The aim of the present study was to establish a method for examining perioperative levels of the above mentioned elements simultaneously in erythrocytes and plasma by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 11 patients undergoing neurosurgery for acute spinal nerve(More)
The influence of acetylcysteine (ac-cys) on cisplatin (CP) nephrotoxicity was investigated in female Wistar rats. Administration of 0.6 mg CP 100 g-1 body wt. was followed by oliguria and proteinuria, as well as a significant increase of blood urea nitrogen concentration. The i.p. administration of 0.6 mg CP 100 g-1 body wt. concomitantly with 100 mg ac-cys(More)
Investigations were done in 10- and 55-day-old Wistar rats. Glutathione (GSH) level in kidney was decreased by 8 mmol buthionine sulfoximine (BSO)/100 g BW. There was no effect on the renal function and nephrotoxicity of cisplatin (0.6 mg CP/100 g BW) in adult rats. In young rats BSO treatment was followed by nephrotoxic effects. Pt concentration remained(More)
Until now the effect of thallium (Tl) on renal function has not been investigated systematically. Therefore, the dose (5, 10, 15, 20 mg Tl2SO4/kg body wt., intraperitoneally) and time-dependence of renal damage was investigated in diuresis experiments on conscious rats. Morphology was evaluated after perfusion fixation in situ. Morphologic changes were(More)