Klaus Wielckens

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The relationship between treatment with 3-methoxy-benzamide (MBA), a potent inhibitor of ADP-ribosylation reactions, and the response of C3H10T1/2 cells to N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) has been examined. Quiescent cells effected potentially lethal damage repair (PLDR) over a 48-h period following MNNG and the repair was coincident with the(More)
ADP-ribosylation in vivo of histone H1 was studied in hepatoma cells (Yoshida AH 7974) after treatment with the alkylating agent dimethyl sulfate for 30 min and compared with that of other polypeptides. In unstimulated cells, histone H1 was only a minor acceptor (less than 4%) of total monomeric and polymeric ADP-ribosyl residues. Induction of DNA repair by(More)
The new selective access analysis system BM/Hitachi 917 was evaluated in an international multicentre study, mainly according to the ECCLS protocol for the evaluation of analysers in clinical chemistry. Forty-three different analytes, covering 56 different methods--enzymes, substrates, electrolytes, specific proteins, drugs and urine applications--were(More)
Treatment of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with the trifunctional alkylating agent 2,3-5-tris(ethyleneimino)benzoquinone-1,4 (triaziquonum) led to rapid fragmentation of DNA and depletion of NAD while poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase activity showed a retarded increase. Poly(ADP-ribosyl) residues in treated cells increased 4- to 30-fold, but transiently, and in a(More)
Treatment of S49.1 mouse lymphoma cells with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone resulted in a delayed cell death. During the 24-h latency period, DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis fell to about 50%, 60%, and 30% of control values, respectively, without a change in ATP levels, the latter suggesting cellular integrity. The onset of cellular suicide was(More)
Incubation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in their own ascites fluid induced a reversible metabolic adaptation to these "starvation" conditions which was associated with a fragmentation of DNA. Endogenous poly(ADP-ribose) residues also increased, reaching within 1-3 h values 6-10 times higher than in cells taken directly from the mouse peritoneum. The NAD(More)
OBJECTIVES B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a strong diagnostic predictor of left-ventricular (LV)-dysfunction. Recently, the aminoterminal portion of pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) has been introduced, which could be even more sensitive because of its longer half-life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the new marker NT-proBNP within a large, heterogeneous(More)
We report a process that results in the acceleration of matrix degradation in human articular cartilage, a phenomenon commonly observed in osteoarthritis (OA). The study was conducted by (1) examining the potential of collagen II in modulating the gene expression profile of primary human chondrocytes (PHCs), and (2) investigating the involvement of(More)
Energy-producing pathways, adenine nucleotide levels, oxidative stress response and Ca(2+) homeostasis were investigated in cybrid cells incorporating two pathogenic mitochondrial DNA point mutations, 3243A>G and 3302A>G in tRNA(Leu(UUR)), as well as Rho(0) cells and compared to their parental 143B osteosarcoma cell line. All cells suffering from a severe(More)
Determination of poly(ADP-ribose) levels was performed by a new procedure involving covalent chromatography of released polymer, degradation to phosphoribosyl AMP and quantification of this specific derivative by a radioimmunoassay. In adult rat liver, about 85 pmol polymeric ADP-ribose residues/g tissue was found. Similar values were obtained when the(More)