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Conserved upstream open reading frames (uORFs) are found within many eukaryotic transcripts and are known to regulate protein translation. Evidence from genetic and bioinformatic studies implicates disturbed uORF-mediated translational control in the etiology of human diseases. A genetic mouse model has recently provided proof-of-principle support for the(More)
The analysis of instantaneous and average rolling leukocyte velocity is crucial to the study of inflammatory disease. In order to record features associated with leukocyte rolling, the leukocyte position must be tracked, typically by manual observation. Automated tracking of leukocytes is possible for in vitro studies, but not for recordings resulting from(More)
Post-transcriptional control has emerged as a major regulatory event in gene expression and often occurs at the level of translation initiation. Although overexpression or constitutive activation of tyrosine kinases (TKs) through gene amplification, translocation or mutation are well-characterized oncogenic events, current knowledge about translational(More)
Upstream open reading frames (uORFs) are prevalent cis-regulatory sequence elements in the transcript leader sequences (TLSs) of eukaryotic mRNAs. The majority of uORFs is considered to repress downstream translation by the consumption of functional pre-initiation complexes or by inhibiting unrestrained progression of the ribosome. Under distinct(More)
Upstream ORFs (uORFs) are translational control elements found predominantly in transcripts of key regulatory genes. No mammalian genetic model exists to experimentally validate the physiological relevance of uORF-regulated translation initiation. We report that mice deficient for the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) uORF initiation codon(More)
Approximately half of all human transcripts contain at least one upstream translational initiation site that precedes the main coding sequence (CDS) and gives rise to an upstream open reading frame (uORF). We generated uORFdb, publicly available at http://cbdm.mdc-berlin.de/tools/uorfdb, to serve as a comprehensive literature database on eukaryotic uORF(More)
Material Supplemental http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/suppl/2009/12/14/24.1.15.DC1.html References http://genesdev.cshlp.org/content/24/1/15.full.html#ref-list-1 This article cites 38 articles, 19 of which can be accessed free at: Open Access Open Access option. Genes & Development Freely available online through the Service Email Alerting click here.(More)
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