Klaus Ulrich Klein

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BACKGROUND The present study assesses the utility of a novel invasive device (O2C-, oxygen-to-see-device) for intraoperative measurement of the cerebral microcirculation. CO2 vasoreactivity during 2 different propofol concentrations was used to investigate changes of capillary venous cerebral blood flow (rvCBF), oxygen saturation (srvO2), and hemoglobin(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis-associated delirium (SAD) increases morbidity in septic patients and, therefore, factors contributing to SAD should be further characterized. One possible mechanism might be the impairment of cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) by sepsis, leading to cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion in these haemodynamically unstable patients. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND A novel uncoated fluorescence quenching probe allows fast measurement of oxygen tension in vessels and tissue. The present study reports the first use of the technology for dual measurements of arterial (paO(2)) and brain tissue oxygen tension (ptiO(2)) during hypoxic challenge in a pig model. METHODS Eight pigs were anesthetized using fentanyl(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic alveolar recruitment and derecruitment play a role in the pathomechanism of acute lung injury and may lead to arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO(2) ) oscillations within the respiratory cycle. It remains unknown, however, if these PaO(2) oscillations are transmitted to the microcirculation. The present study investigates if PaO(2) (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Maintenance of adequate blood flow and oxygen to the brain is one of the principal endpoints of all surgery and anesthesia. During operations in general anesthesia, however, the brain is at particular risk for silent ischemia. Despite this risk, the brain still remains one of the last monitored organs in clincial anesthesiology. RECENT(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair techniques close the internal ring with a suture. Concern has been raised whether or not the testicular vessels are compromised with this technique. This study was undertaken to evaluate pre- and postoperative testicular perfusion and to compare it with healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHOD Sixty-five boys(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative routine monitoring of cerebral blood flow and oxygenation remains a technological challenge. Using the physiological principle of carbon dioxide reactivity of cerebral vasculature, we investigated a recently developed neuromonitoring device (oxygen-to-see, O2C device) for simultaneous measurements of regional cerebral blood flow(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with neuronal injury, the knowledge of the status of cerebrovascular autoregulation can help to optimize the management of the cerebral perfusion pressure. This study characterizes dynamic and static cerebrovascular autoregulation during the first 7 days after severe traumatic brain injury or intracranial hemorrhage. METHODS After(More)
INTRODUCTION Cyclic alveolar recruitment/derecruitment (R/D) is an important mechanism of ventilator-associated lung injury. In experimental models this process can be measured with high temporal resolution by detection of respiratory-dependent oscillations of the paO2 (ΔpaO2). A previous study showed that end-expiratory collapse can be prevented by an(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol reduces cerebral blood flow (CBF) secondary to cerebral metabolic depression. However, in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that propofol directly dilates the vascular smooth muscle. This study investigates the effects of propofol-induced changes in bispectral index (BIS) on cerebral microcirculation and oxygenation during(More)