Klaus Thoss

Learn More
The long-term effects of acutely administered clodronate (free or liposome-encapsulated) on periarticular bone mass and bone turnover were investigated in chronic antigen-induced arthritis (AIA; day 28). Wistar rats were treated intraperitoneally at 3 h and on days 1, 2, and 7 of AIA, with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; sham), PBS-containing liposomes,(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice occurs after the single injection of methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) into the knee joint of animals preimmunized with the same antigen in complete Freund's adjuvant. A short acute reaction is followed by a chronic inflammation which shows similar histological features to human rheumatoid arthritis. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of clodronate on clinical disease activity, inflammatory alterations and cartilage destruction, periarticular and axial bone volume and bone turnover in chronic antigen-induced arthritis (AIA; day 28). METHODS Rats with AIA were treated with clodronate (5 mg/kg/day continuously; 20 mg/kg/day intermittently or high-dose(More)
The transcription factor STAT-1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-1) plays a pivotal role in the expression of inflammatory gene products involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis such as various cytokines and the CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40/CD40L) receptor-ligand dyad. The therapeutic efficacy of a synthetic decoy oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN)(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN Sex hormones have immunomodulatory properties and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study sought to examine the effects of the natural weak androgen dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its metabolite androstenediol (AED) on the development of murine antigen-induced(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice occurs after immunization and a subsequent intra-articular injection with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA). The role of T lymphocytes in the adoptive transfer of susceptibility to AIA into SCID mice was investigated. Pooled spleen and lymph node cells from immunized syngeneic or allogeneic donor mice, isolated(More)
Adhesion molecules play important roles in immune reactions and inflammatory processes and may constitute attractive targets for immunomodulatory approaches. In this study, blocking mAbs against a series of adhesion molecules were tested for their therapeutic effect on developing arthritis in a mouse model. MAbs were given for a period of 4 weeks at the(More)
The effects of the T-cell-directed immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA) on the development of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats as well as on cytokine levels in synovial fluid and serum were determined. The treatment with CsA effectively inhibited the chronic phase of arthritis as demonstrated by decreased joint swelling and reduced histological(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis in guinea pigs was used as a model to investigate the pathogenic mechanisms responsible for cartilage destruction in chronic joint inflammation. The activation of macrophages, their effects on cartilage metabolism, and the development of autoimmunity to cartilage constituents were studied during the progression of arthritis. The(More)
The effects of the new immunomodulating isoxazol derivative leflunomide, in comparison with cyclosporin A, on established antigen-induced arthritis in rats as well as serum antibody levels were determined. When treatment with leflunomide, at concentrations from 2.5 to 10 mg/kg/d, was started on day 3 of arthritis, the acute and chronic phases of arthritis(More)