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In the course of antigen-induced arthritis of rabbit cell-mediated and humoral immune responses were repeatedly tested in order to prove their significance for the acute and chronic phase of inflammation. The arthritis was monitored during the progression of the inflammation by means of the joint swelling and at the end of experiments by histological(More)
The chronicity of the antigen-induced arthritis is characterized as dependent on the development of cell-mediated immunity to the antigen, but the exact mechanisms underlying are unclear. We have evidenced decreased suppressor and increased helper cell potential in the early phase of arthritis as result of the immunization procedure. In the late phase of(More)
Two plant agglutinins, wheat germ agglutinin and Ricinus communis agglutinin, were used for light and electron microscopic detection of certain carbohydrate-containing cell surface components and extracellular polysaccharides. For light microscopic studies on various tissues fluorescein isothiocyanate coupled lectins were prepared. The ferritin coupling of(More)
Cryostat sections of various tissues from man, rat, mice, hamster, rabbit, guinea pig, sparrow and carp were examined by fluorescence microscopy after incubation with fluorescein isothiocyanate labelled Concanavalin A and Lens culinaris lectin. In the same tissue of various species no basic differences in the pattern of fluorescence were observed. In(More)
Investigations on methods for the utilization of fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labelled Concanavalin A, Lens culinaris lectin and Ricinus communis lectin for immunohistological demonstration as simple sugar moieties are reported. The stainings were carried out on rabbit erythrocytes. Ehrlich ascitee tumor cells and various mammalian tissues. Optimum results(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice occurs after immunization and a subsequent intra-articular injection with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA). The role of T lymphocytes in the adoptive transfer of susceptibility to AIA into SCID mice was investigated. Pooled spleen and lymph node cells from immunized syngeneic or allogeneic donor mice, isolated(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis in guinea pigs was used as a model to investigate the pathogenic mechanisms responsible for cartilage destruction in chronic joint inflammation. The activation of macrophages, their effects on cartilage metabolism, and the development of autoimmunity to cartilage constituents were studied during the progression of arthritis. The(More)
The long-term effects of acutely administered clodronate (free or liposome-encapsulated) on periarticular bone mass and bone turnover were investigated in chronic antigen-induced arthritis (AIA; day 28). Wistar rats were treated intraperitoneally at 3 h and on days 1, 2, and 7 of AIA, with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; sham), PBS-containing liposomes,(More)
Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice occurs after the single injection of methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) into the knee joint of animals preimmunized with the same antigen in complete Freund's adjuvant. A short acute reaction is followed by a chronic inflammation which shows similar histological features to human rheumatoid arthritis. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of clodronate on clinical disease activity, inflammatory alterations and cartilage destruction, periarticular and axial bone volume and bone turnover in chronic antigen-induced arthritis (AIA; day 28). METHODS Rats with AIA were treated with clodronate (5 mg/kg/day continuously; 20 mg/kg/day intermittently or high-dose(More)