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Eye muscles and the sphincter muscles of the bowel and bladder were formerly thought to be spared in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disorder. As frequent subclinical impairment of the anal sphincter muscles in ALS has recently been reported, We suspected an earlier and more frequent, if subclinical, involvement of the oculomotor(More)
In the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 53 patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) and 12 elderly controls, we measured somatostatin (SLI) and its molecular forms: high-molecular weight form (HMV-SST), somatostatin-14 (SST-14), somatostatin-25/28 (SST-28/25), and des-ala-somatostatin (des-ala-SST) using high pressure liquid chromatography(More)
The SELEDO (from selegiline plus levodopa) study was carried out as a randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled, double- blind, multicenter long-term, 5-year trial to evaluate the possible advantages of combining selegiline and levodopa in the early treatment of Parkinson's disease. One-hundred-and-sixteen patients were randomized either to selegiline or(More)
Fifty patients with multiple sclerosis were treated either by corticosteroids given systemically or by intrathecal injection of a steroid crystal suspension. Before and 3 weeks after the beginning of the treatment we examined the patients according to the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). Four patients had to be excluded from evaluation. In 23(More)
PURPOSE To determine the accuracy of transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound for evaluation of collateral supply through the circle of Willis in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. METHODS The evaluation of the collateral pathways through the circle of Willis with TCD ultrasound and with cerebral angiography was compared in 40 patients(More)
In addition to the neurological findings, the functional capacity of 12 patients with Huntington's disease was evaluated quantitatively according to the Shoulson and Fahn scale [1]. This parameter was related to the following computed tomographic measurements: the greatest distance between the frontal horns (FH), the shortest distance between the heads of(More)
There is some evidence that Parkinson's disease (PD) seems to be a heterogenous and generalized brain disorder reflecting a degeneration of multiple neuronal networks, including somatostatinergic neurons. Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) and its molecular forms, high molecular weight form (HMV-SST), somatostatin-14 (SST-14), somatostatin-25/28(More)
There have been no reports of studies on nocturnal sleep or quantitative studies of sleep spindle density in Huntington's disease, whereas sleep in Parkinson's disease has been extensively reported. We therefore examined nocturnal sleep changes in patients with Parkinson's and Huntington's disease and compared them with a control group. The previously(More)