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Changes of neuronal excitability and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA)-receptor expression were studied in the surround of photothrombotic infarcts, which were produced in the sensorimotor cortex of the rat by using the rose bengal technique. In a first series of experiments, multiunit recordings were performed on anesthetized animals 2-3 mm lateral from the(More)
Focal brain lesions may lead to neuronal dysfunctions in remote (exofocal) brain regions. In the present study, focal lesions were induced in the hindlimb representation area of the parietal cerebral cortex in rats using the technique of photothrombosis. Photothrombosis occurs after illumination of the brain through the intact skull following intravenous(More)
Neuropathic pain is a clinical condition which remains poorly treated and combinations of pregabalin, an antagonist of the α2δ-subunit of Ca(2+) channels, with tapentadol, a μ-opioid receptor agonist/noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, or with classical opioids such as oxycodone and morphine might offer increased therapeutic potential. In the rat spinal nerve(More)
The function of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) cation channel was analyzed with RNA interference technologies and compared to TRPV1 knockout mice. Expression of shRNAs targeting TRPV1 in transgenic (tg) mice was proven by RNase protection assays, and TRPV1 downregulation was confirmed by reduced expression of TRPV1 mRNA and lack of(More)
Transient and permanent focal cerebral ischemia results in a series of typical pathophysiologic events. These consequences evolve in time and space and are not limited to the lesion itself, but they can be observed in perilesional (penumbra) and widespread ipsi- and sometimes contralateral remote areas (diaschisis). The extent of these areas is variable(More)
Following focal brain lesions, complex adaptive processes take place in remote intact areas. The present study examines changes in NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate), AMPA ((+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) and kainate receptors following focal photothrombotic ischemic lesions using quantitative receptor autoradiography. Increases in(More)
Buprenorphine is a potent opioid analgesic clinically used to treat moderate to severe pain. The present study assessed its analgesic efficacy in a broad range of rodent models of acute and chronic pain. In the phenylquinone writhing, hot plate, and tail flick mouse models of acute pain, full analgesic efficacy was obtained (ED50 values: 0.0084-0.16 mg/kg(More)
(-)-(1R,2R)-3-(3-dimethylamino-1-ethyl-2-methyl-propyl)-phenol hydrochloride (tapentadol HCl) is a novel micro-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist (Ki = 0.1 microM; relative efficacy compared with morphine 88% in a [35S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding assay) and NE reuptake inhibitor (Ki = 0.5 microM for synaptosomal reuptake inhibition). In vivo(More)
This study investigated astroglial responses after focal cerebral ischemia in the rat cortex induced by photothrombosis. Astrocyte activation was studied at various time points by immunocytochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin (VIM). We found a dual astrocytic response to focal ischemia: In the border zone of the infarct,(More)
Experimental cortical photothrombosis leads to pronounced alterations in the binding density of [3H]muscimol and [3H]baclofen to GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors, both in the lesioned and the structurally intact cortex. The binding density of [3H]muscimol to GABA(A) receptors was markedly increased in the "core" of the lesion during the first week, reaching a(More)