Klaus Schaffler

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Most antihistamines are assumed to possess a more or less pronounced sedative potential in addition to their antihistaminic properties. Therefore, a single-blind three-way crossover study was designed to assess the influence of single-dose dimethindene maleate (new "once a day formulation") on vigilance and performance vs. loratadine as reference and vs.(More)
The effects of dimethindene maleate (CAS 3614-69-5) on the central nervous system-as sustained release pellets (Fenistil OAD; OAD = once a day) and sustained release tablets (Fenistil retard) with an immediate release fraction-were investigated by means of the oculodynamic test (ODT) and visual analogue scales and compared to loratadine (CAS 79794-75-5) and(More)
It is known that sedation by H1 antihistaminic drugs can be reduced or avoided if slow release formulations are used for their administration, probably because of a slower increase of the drug concentration in plasma and brain. The aim of this study was to compare two different formulations of dimenhydrinate (CAS 523-87-5), a single fast release tablet with(More)
AIMS Laser (radiant-heat) evoked potentials (LEPs) from vertex-EEG peak-to-peak (PtP) amplitude were used to determine acute antinociceptive/antihyperalgesic efficacy of ABT-102, a novel TRPV1 antagonist efficacious in preclinical pain models, compared with active controls and placebo in normal and UV(B)-inflamed skin. METHODS This was a randomized,(More)
The major problem in predicting clinical efficacy from animal experimental results and phase I data is the lack of resemblance between the models used and the clinical condition. This problem is complicated by the diversity of the potential mechanisms of action of new compounds. A further question is whether Phase I studies should be used as predictors of(More)
The pharmaceutical industry faces tough times. Despite tremendous advances in the science and technology of new lead identification and optimization, attrition rates for novel drug candidates making it into the clinic remain unacceptably high. A seamless boundary between basic preclinical and clinical arms of the discovery process, embodying the concept of(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the analgesic/antihyperalgesic efficacy and to establish the dose-response relationship of morphine immediate release (IR) and oxycodone IR in a human experimental algesimetric model. Calculated effect ratios for peak-to-peak (PtP) amplitudes of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) and visual analog scales (VAS) postlaser pain(More)
The acute and subchronic effects of orally administered buspirone (acute: 15 mg; subchronic: 5 mg t.i.d.; Day 7:5 mg) and bromazepam (acute: 6 mg; subchronic: 2 mg t.i.d.; Day 7: 2 mg) on psychomotor and cognitive parameters were explored vs placebo in a randomized, double-blind crossover design with three periods in 12 healthy male volunteers. The washout(More)
The present investigation aimed to elucidate the analgesic efficacy of 30 mg of intravenous orphenadrine citrate (CAS 4682-36-4) in a human pain model. Eighteen healthy female and male subjects were enrolled and received single infusions of 30 mg orphenadrine citrate and matching placebo in two periods which were separated by a 1 week washout period. The(More)
Twelve healthy young males volunteered in this pilot-study to test the encephalotropic potency of a deproteinized hemodialysate of calf blood (Actovegin). This compound contains peptides, oligosaccharides and nucleinic acid derivatives, which are supposed to improve transport of glucose and oxygen into cells. The study is based on a placebo-controlled,(More)