Klaus Schaffler

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Objective experimental algesimetry was used to assess quantitative differences in analgesic properties between acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, 750 mg) and a special combination of ASA, trilithium citrate and quinine-2 HCl (750 mg, 126 mg, 4.5 mg) in a placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study on nine healthy subjects. Radiant heat stimulation was applied(More)
The pharmaceutical industry faces tough times. Despite tremendous advances in the science and technology of new lead identification and optimization, attrition rates for novel drug candidates making it into the clinic remain unacceptably high. A seamless boundary between basic preclinical and clinical arms of the discovery process, embodying the concept of(More)
The effects of dimethindene maleate (CAS 3614-69-5) on the central nervous system-as sustained release pellets (Fenistil OAD; OAD = once a day) and sustained release tablets (Fenistil retard) with an immediate release fraction-were investigated by means of the oculodynamic test (ODT) and visual analogue scales and compared to loratadine (CAS 79794-75-5) and(More)
It is known that sedation by H1 antihistaminic drugs can be reduced or avoided if slow release formulations are used for their administration, probably because of a slower increase of the drug concentration in plasma and brain. The aim of this study was to compare two different formulations of dimenhydrinate (CAS 523-87-5), a single fast release tablet with(More)
The acute and subchronic effects of orally administered buspirone (acute: 15 mg; subchronic: 5 mg t.i.d.; Day 7:5 mg) and bromazepam (acute: 6 mg; subchronic: 2 mg t.i.d.; Day 7: 2 mg) on psychomotor and cognitive parameters were explored vs placebo in a randomized, double-blind crossover design with three periods in 12 healthy male volunteers. The washout(More)
AIMS Laser (radiant-heat) evoked potentials (LEPs) from vertex-EEG peak-to-peak (PtP) amplitude were used to determine acute antinociceptive/antihyperalgesic efficacy of ABT-102, a novel TRPV1 antagonist efficacious in preclinical pain models, compared with active controls and placebo in normal and UV(B)-inflamed skin. METHODS This was a randomized,(More)
To assess pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of acute, subchronic and withdrawn quazepam, a single-blind, longitudinal study was run in eight male, healthy young volunteers. The design covered a 1-week placebo run-in period, a period with daily oral night-time administration of 15 mg quazepam until a pharmacokinetic steady-state was reached (3(More)
The effects of two acute doses (1600 mg, 2400 mg) of 2-oxo-pyrrolidine-1-acetamide (piracetam, Normabraïn) on hypoxia resistance were screened vs placebo in a randomized, double-blind 3-way change-over design in 9 healthy male volunteers (mean age: 26.4 +/- 3.5 years; mean body weight: 74.9 +/- 8.4 kg). Psychophysiological measurements were done with the(More)
The major problem in predicting clinical efficacy from animal experimental results and phase I data is the lack of resemblance between the models used and the clinical condition. This problem is complicated by the diversity of the potential mechanisms of action of new compounds. A further question is whether Phase I studies should be used as predictors of(More)
Two single-blind placebo-controlled crossover studies on healthy volunteers were performed to compare typical adverse effects of the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists salbutamol, terbutaline und tulobuterol in a daily period of eight h after acute oral administration of different doses. Assessments were repeated after six days of regular drug intake, to look for(More)