Klaus Schaefer

Learn More
Obesity has recently been linked to the composition of human microbiota and the production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). However, these findings rely on experimental studies carried out using rather small and defined groups of volunteers or model animals. Our aim was to evaluate differences within the human intestinal microbiota and fecal SCFA(More)
This report is about a 23-year-old man who required hemodialysis in connection with an acute renal failure resulting from uric acid nephropathy without hyperuricemia. After recovering renal function he showed extreme hypouricemia (0,1–0,3 mg/dl) and elevated uric acid clearance (100–300 ml/min). The fractional excretion of uric acid (Cua/Cer) could be(More)
This investigation of 219 hemodialysis patients relates the history and prospective risk of bone fractures to apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype. A greater percentage of the 41 patients with the E3/4 and E4/4 genotypes than of the 38 patients with the E2/3 and E2/2 genotypes had a history of bone fractures at the time of recruitment (44% versus 16%, P <(More)
A comparative study of long-term haemodialysis patients investigated the effects of calcium acetate and calcium carbonate on concentrations of serum phosphate, calcium, and parathyroid hormone. It was demonstrated that both substances led to a significant decrease in phosphate and serum parathyroid hormone. Administration of calcium acetate reduced the(More)
This investigation of 68 hemodialysis patients (ages 33 to 91) analyzed the association of biochemical indicators of vitamin K nutriture and bone metabolism, and related both to past bone fracture history and prospective bone fracture risk. Phylloquinone concentrations were significantly lower in the 23 patients with previous fractures compared to those(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known whether smoking increases the risk of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in patients with primary renal disease. METHODS We performed a retrospective multicenter case-control study including 582 patients from nine centers in Germany, Italy and Austria. The diseases investigated were IgA glomerulonephritis (IgA-GN) as a model of(More)
Renal osteodystrophy therapy in dialysis patients with calcitriol and intestinal phosphate binders containing calcium entails the risk of hypercalcemia. A study was performed using 35 hemodialysis patients to see whether the time of day when calcitriol is administered influences the incidence of hypercalcemia. It was shown that simply by administering at(More)
We analyzed capsomeres of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) consisting of the L1 major structural protein for their ability to trigger a cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) response. To this end, we immunized C57BL/6 mice and used the L1(165-173) peptide for ex vivo restimulation of splenocytes prior to analysis ((51)Cr release assay and enzyme-linked immunospot(More)
In the present study, laying hens received 29 g per kg diet of a preparation containing either 70% linoleic acid (LA) or approximately the same amount of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in the control and experimental treatments, respectively. The CLA preparation consisted predominantly of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 fatty acid isomers as free fatty(More)