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Optimal therapeutic decision-making requires integration of patient-specific and therapy-specific information at the point of care, particularly when treating patients with complex cardiovascular conditions. The formidable task for the prescriber is to synthesize information about all therapeutic options and match the best treatment with the characteristics(More)
Interactions of warfarin with other drugs or substances can pose a serious problem. We assessed three drug information compendia-Clinical Pharmacology, ePocrates, and Micromedex-and the warfarin sodium (Coumadin) product label (August 2007) approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for listings of interactions between warfarin and drugs, biologics,(More)
BACKGROUND Because interactions with warfarin represent a serious risk to patients, drug information sources used by clinicians should contain accurate, timely, and practical drug interaction information. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the information regarding warfarin interactions that is included in the official labeling of prescription(More)
For decades, medical practice has increasingly relied on prescription medicines to treat, cure, or prevent illness but their net benefit is reduced by prescribing errors that result in adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and tens of thousands of deaths each year. Optimal prescribing requires effective management of massive amounts of data. Clinical decision(More)
Our objective was to develop a beta regression (BR) model to describe the longitudinal progression of the 11 item Alzheimer’s disease (AD) assessment scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) in AD patients in both natural history and randomized clinical trial settings, utilizing both individual patient and summary level literature data. Patient data from the(More)
BACKGROUND The in vitro hollow fiber system model of tuberculosis (HFS-TB), in tandem with Monte Carlo experiments, was introduced more than a decade ago. Since then, it has been used to perform a large number of tuberculosis pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) studies that have not been subjected to systematic analysis. METHODS We performed a(More)
Aiming to emulate the successful accelerated development of HIV/AIDS drugs, the Critical Path Institute (C-Path), in collaboration with the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform at the Brookings Institution, has formed the Coalition Against Major Diseases (CAMD). Members include 6 nonprofit groups representing patients' interests, 15 leading(More)
BACKGROUND The hollow fiber system model of tuberculosis (HFS-TB), in tandem with Monte Carlo experiments, represents a drug development tool (DDT) with the potential for use to develop tuberculosis treatment regimens. However, the predictive accuracy of the HFS-TB, or any other nonclinical DDT such as an animal model, has yet to be robustly evaluated. (More)
BACKGROUND The hollow fiber system model of tuberculosis (HFS-TB) is designed to perform pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) experiments, and hence the design of optimal doses and dose schedules for the treatment of tuberculosis. To determine if this model is useful for deriving PK/PD data relevant to clinical outcomes, we compared its quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND As of 2012, approximately 4.3 million Americans experience some form of cardiac arrhythmia (CA). Assessment of economic burden and healthcare resource use on the overall CA population is limited. OBJECTIVES To assess healthcare expenditure and disparities in healthcare resource use in patients with all forms of CA in the US. METHODS Data from(More)