Learn More
On the basis of few and contentious morphological characters Gnathostomulids have been thought to be the sister-group of either the Platyhelminthes or the Syndermata (Rotifera + Acanthocephala). We provide a full 18S rDNA sequence for a species of Gnathostomula and attempt to resolve its position among the Metazoa, on the basis of molecular evidence. Sixty(More)
Numerous (3947) individuals of 102 marine fish species from Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, the North Sea, Antarctica, the deepsea and coast of southeastern Australia, Pacific Canada, Brazil, Argentina and the Great Barrier Reef were examined for metazoan ectoparasites. Of the 102 fish species, 86 harboured at least 1 parasite species, and only in Antarctica(More)
Partial nuclear 28S ribosomal RNA and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences (953 and 385 nucleotides, respectively) of one fish monogenean (outgroup) and six polystome monogeneans (four Polystomoides spp. from the oral cavities and urinary bladders of freshwater turtles in Australia and Malaya, two Neopolystoma spp. from the(More)
Parasite communities are the product of acquisitions and losses of parasite species during the evolutionary history of their host. When comparing the parasite communities of different host species to assess the role of ecological variables as determinants of parasite species richness, a correction must be made for the possible phylogenetic inheritance of(More)
Assemblages of metazoan ectoparasites of 79 species and gastrointestinal helminths of eight species of marine fishes were analysed to examine whether nestedness is related to sample size, abundance, species richness, and prevalence of infection, and whether the use of z-scores or Monte Carlo simulations yields different results. No significant differences(More)
A review is given of (mainly recent) work on the biodiversity, ecology, biogeography and practical importance of marine parasites. Problems in estimating species numbers have been thoroughly discussed for free-living species, and the main points of these discussions are reviewed here. Even rough estimates of the richness of most parasite groups in the(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data from complete 18S rRNA and partial 28S rRNA genes, of a variety of platyhelminths, places the enigmatic Udonella caligorum firmly as a monopisthocotylean monogenean. Both maximum parsimony and a modified distance measure, operating under a maximum likelihood model, gave identical solutions for each data set. These(More)
I t is well known tha t coral reefs are the marine ecosystems with the greatest species diversity. In the Capricorn Group of reefs a t the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef, more than 860 species of fish have been found so far in a survey eonducted by the Australian Museum, Sydney. The total number of fish speeies has been estimated to be close to(More)
Mature sperm has two axonemes of the 9 + '1' pattern incorporated in the sperm body, a row of peripheral microtubules interrupted along part of the sperm by the axonemes, some microtubules in the interior of the sperm and a long lateral extension (lobe) of the sperm body, an elongate nucleus and mitochondrion, and many dense rod-like structures. A(More)