Klaus Raschke

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Using the patch-clamp technique we discovered that the voltage dependent anion channels in the plasma membrane of guard cells are activated by a rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ in the presence of nucleotides. Upon activation, these anion channels catalyse anion currents 10-20 times higher than in the inactivated state, thus shifting the plasma membrane from a K+(More)
Stomatal pores in leaves enable plants to regulate the exchange of gases with their environment. Variations of the pore aperture are mediated by controlled changes of potassium salt concentrations in the surrounding guard cells. The voltage-dependent gating of K(+)-selective channels in the plasma membrane (plasmalemma) of cell-wall-free guard cells(More)
Slowly activating anion channel currents were discovered at micromolar 'cytoplasmic' Ca2+ during patch-clamp measurements on guard-cell protoplasts of Vicia faba and Xanthium strumarium. They activated at potentials as low as -200 mV, with time constants between 5 and 60 s, and no inactivation. The broad voltage dependence exhibited a current maximum near(More)
The occurrence of O(2)-insensitive photosynthesis at high quantum flux and moderate temperature in Spinacia oleracea was characterized by analytical gas exchange measurements on intact leaves. In addition photosynthetic metabolite pools were measured in leaves which had been rapidly frozen under defined gas conditions. Upon switching to low O(2) in(More)
The distribution of photosynthetic activity over the area of a leaf and its change with time was determined (at low partial pressure of O(2)) by recording images of chlorophyll fluorescence during saturating light flashes. Simultaneously, the gas exchange was being measured. Reductions of local fluorescence intensity quantitatively displayed the extent of(More)
Open stomata of detached leaves of Xanthium strumarium L. closed only when carbon dioxide and abscisic acid (ABA) were presented simultaneously. Three parameters of stomatal closing were determined after additions of ABA to the irrigation water of detached leaves, while the leaves were exposed to various CO2 concentrations ([CO2]s) in the air; a) the delay(More)
Conductance for water vapor, assimilation of CO(2), and intercellular CO(2) concentration of leaves of five species were determined at various irradiances and ambient CO(2) concentrations. Conductance and assimilation were then plotted as functions of irradiance and intercellular CO(2) concentration. The slopes of these curves allowed us to estimate(More)
Xylem parenchyma cells are situated around the (apoplastic) xylem vessels and are involved in the control of the composition of the xylem sap by exporting and resorbing solutes. We investigated properties of the K+ inward rectifier in the plasma membrane of these cells by performing patch clamp experiments on protoplasts in the whole-cell configuration.(More)
An anion channel in the plasma membrane of guard cells (GCAC1) provides a regulatory element for the voltage-dependent release of anions during stomatal closure (Keller et al. 1989) as well as excitability (Hedrich et al. 1990). Recognition sites for plant growth hormones on the extracellular surface of GCAC1 further indicate that this channel may also(More)
To explore possible pathways for anions to enter the xylem in the root during the transport of salts to the shoot, we used the patch-clamp method on protoplasts prepared from the xylem parenchyma of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) plants. K(+) currents were suppressed by tetraethylammonium or N-methylglucamine in the solutions in the pipette and the bath, and(More)